Zingiber officinale Roscoe.
Sindhi Name: Adrak
English Name: Ginger
Local Name: Adrak, soonth
Part Used: Rhizome and its juice
Zingiber officinale Roscoe. is 1.3 m high plant. Leaves are sessile and glabrous. Inflorescence are present on erect peduncle. Bracts are green and has pale margin. Flowers are yellow and spotted labellum1.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
Zingibe rofficinale Roscoe. (Ginger) and Allium sativum L. (Garlic)are ground to make a paste, and applied on ringworm affected area in District Jamshoro (Sindh).
Azadirachtaindica J. Juss (Margose)fruits, Terminaliabellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (Belericmyrobalau), Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric), Foeniculumvulgare L. (Fennel), Hordeumvulgare L. (Barley), and Z.officinale are ground together and applied on white spots till recovered in DistrictLarkana (Sindh).
Z .officinale and Luffaacutangula L. (Dish cloth) are ground together to make a paste, and applied on scalp for the treatment of alopecia in District Sukkur (Sindh).
Active constituents of Z. officinaleare β-phellandrene, geraniol, citral, α-zingiberene β-sesquiphellandrene,β-bisabolene, (E–E)-α-farnesene, ar-curcumene, zingiberol, -gingerol, -shogaol, methyl -shogaol, 5-deoxygingerols, and -paradol. Plant contain a wide variety of phytochemicals group such as gingerols and its acetyl derivatives, shogaols and 3-dihydroshogaols, gingerdiols and its mono- and di-acetyl derivatives, 1-dehydrogingerdiones, paradols and dihydroparadols, and methyl ether derivatives4.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
Rhizomes of Z. officinalemixed with salt and taken before meals for increasing apetite1.Rhizomes is used for the prevention of nausea and vomiting2.It is used against headache and tonsils3.It is also recommended in gastrointestinal problems. Fresh rhizomes is used by indian and chinese medicine system against cold, nausea, cough, colic, swellings, dyspepsia, appetite, and rheumatism swelling. It act as carminative and antipyrexia5.
Z. officinale possessed immunomodulatory, anti tumorigenic, anti-inflammatory, anti apoptotic, anti hyperglycemic, anti lipidemic, and anti emetic activities4.
- Nigel, C.V. (2000), Herbal Medicines, p. 344, Pharmaceutical Press Publishers, U. K.
- Joshi, S. G. (2000), Medicinal Plants, p. 413, Mohan Primlani Oxford & IBH Publishers Co. Pvt. Ltd. 66 Janpath, New Delhi 110001, India.
- Thomas, S. C. Li. (2002), Medicinal Plants, p. 51, CRC Press, TechnomicPubishers, U. S. A.
- Banerjee, S., Mullick, H. I., Banerjee, J., and Ghosh, A. (2011). Zingiberofficinale:‘a natural gold’. Int J Pharmaceutical Bio-Sci, 2, 283-294.