Vigna radiate L

Vigna radiate L.

Botanical Name:          Vigna radiate L.Vigna radiata L. 

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Family:                         Fabacea

Genus:                          Vigna

Sindhi Name:               Mung

English Name:             Golden gram, Mung Beans

Local Name:                 Mungkidaal

Part Used:                     Seeds and roots

Description

Vigna radiata L. is an erect, tall, and pubescent herb. Leaves are 3-folliculate. Leaflets are entire, acuminate, ovate, and long. Flowers are yellow and small. Seeds are 1-4 in numbers, oblong, white,and concave in middle1,2.

Occurrence

V. radiatais extensively cultivated Nepal, India, Asia,Europe, China, Thailand, Philippines, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Burma, and Africa1,2,3,4.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Powdered Vignaradiata L. (Mungbeans) and Prunus amygdalus Batsch. (Almond) are mixed with Citrus sinensis L. (Orange) juice to make a paste. It is applied on face for 30 minutes and then washes. This remedy is used for month for removing face hair in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Major constituents of V. radiataaredaidzin, daizein, ononin, formononetin, sissotrin, prunetin, biochaninA, naringin, neohesperidin, hesperetin, eriodictyol, naringenin, rhododendrin, scopoletin, pomiferin, osajin, and shikimic acid5.

Chemical Structure:

Vigna radiata L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:

V. radiatais used as styptic in Unani system of medicine for curing skin infections such as scabies, leucoderma, and pain1. Soup of mung beans is recommended to the patientsas a diet for recovering liver enlargement and spleen6. Root is narcotic and used for aching bones3. Mung beans can overcome acne problem, skin rashes, cold sores, mouth ulcers, pimples, and boils7.  Traditional Chinese medicine recommended this food in summer seasondue to its cooling effect in nature andrelease heat7.

V. radiata possessed lipid metabolism accommodation, antibacterial, anti fungal, anti hypertensive, antiviral, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti hypertensive, anti tumor, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities3,8.

References

  1. Dhiman, A. K. (2006), Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 257, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
  2. Joshi, S. G. (2000). Medicinal plants, p. 204, Mohan Primlani Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.Ltd.66 Janpath, New Delhi 110001, India.
  3. http://www.jeffersoninstitute.org/mungbean.php
  4. Mung bean | Define Mung bean at Dictionary.com”. Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22.
  5. Tang, D., Dong, Y., Ren, H., Li, L., and He, C. (2014). A review of phytochemistry, metabolite changes, and medicinal uses of the common food mung bean and its sprouts (Vignaradiata). Chemistry Central Journal, 8, 4.
  6. Khare, C. P. (2007), Indian Medicinal plants, p. 477, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
  7. http://www.pingminghealth.com/article/281/mung-beans-can-clear-body-heat-toxins-and-help-acne/
  8. Kim, D. K., Jeong, S. C., Gorinstein, S., and Chon, S. U. (2012). Total polyphenols, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of different extracts in mungbean seeds and sprouts, Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 67,71-75.