Valeriana hardwichii Wall.
Sindhi Name: Balchhar
Local Name: Balcharr, Walchor
Part Used: Rhizome or root stock
English Name: Valerian
Valeriana hardwichii Wall. is a branched and perennial herb. Root stock is thick and horizontal. Flowers are white in color1. Flowerinflorescences are in corymb and unisexual. Irregular shape of root rhizomes is quite characteristic2.
V. hardwichiiis distributed to India, Nepal, China,Bhutan, and UttaraKhand Himalaya1,2.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
Paste of Valeriana hardwickii L. (Valerian) is applied topically for the treatment of brown spots in the District Nawabshah (Sindh).
Main constituents of V. hardwichiiare valeracetate, bornyl acetate, α-guaiene, viridiflorol, vulgarone B,
camphene, maaliol, α-longipinene, α-cedrene , α-trans-bergamotene,kessane, γ-bisabolene, and cuparene3.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:
Root of V. hardwichiiis used in the preaparation of cosmetic products and hair oil1.It is used for relieving pain in menstruation disorder such as dysmenorrhea and also in general debility2. Root act as antiseptic agent4.It is also considered a powerful sedative and a brain tonic5.It has been traditionally used in treatment of insomnia, obesity, nervous disorders, diarrhea, and various skin diseases. It also act as antidote to snake poisoning6,7.
V. hardwickii possesses antidiarrheal and antispasmodic properties8. It exhibited sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, and anticonvulsant effects9,10.
- Bhattacharjee, S. K. (2004).Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 365, Pointer Publisher Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.
- ShriRao, P.V.N (1992).Selected Medicinal Plants of India, p. 337-339, Tata Publishers Ltd. Bombay-400 025, India.
- Das, J., Mao, A. A., and Handique, P. J. (2011). Volatile constituents of Valerianahardwickii root oil from arunachalpradesh, eastern Himalaya. Records of Natural Products, 5(1), 70-73.
- Dhiman, A. K. (2006).Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 371-372, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
- Khare, C. P. (2007).Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 537, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India
- Samra, B.,Raafia, M., and Anwar, H. G. (2011).From Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine, eCAM 2011304960,:Medline.
- Wang, H.,Tan,C.,Bai, X.,Du, Y.,and B. Lin.(2006). Pharmacological studies of anti-diarrhoeal activity of Gentianopsispaludosa,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology,105(1-2), pp. 114–117.
- Cavadas, C., Araujo, I, and Cotrim, M. D. (1995).In vitro study on the interaction of Valerianaofficinalis extracts and their amino acids on GABAA receptor in rat brain.Arzneimittel-forschung,45:753–755.
- Yuan, C. S., Mehendale, S., Xiao, Y., Aung, H. H., Xie, J. T., and Ang-Lee, M. K. (2004), The gammaaminobutyricacidergic effects of Valerianand valerenic acid on rat brainstem neuronal activity. Anesthesia and Analgesia,98, 353–358.