Terminali chebula Retz

Terminalia  chebula Retz.

Botanical Name:        Terminalia chebula Retz.Terminalia chebula Retz.

Kingdom:                     Plantae

Order:                          Myrtales

Family:                        Combretaceae

Genus:                         Terminalia

Sindhi Name:              Har

Local Name:               Chotihareer

English Name:            Black myrobalan

Part Used:                   Fruit, bark and gum

Description

Terminalia chebula Retz.is a deciduous tree. Leaves are mostly sub-opposite, distant, long, and ovate. Fruits are 2.5-5cm long. Roots, bark, wood, and dried flesh of fruit is important as a tanning material.Tree yields a gum1.

Occurrence

T. chebula is distributed to India, forests of Assam, South America, Malaysia, Nepal,West Bengal, and Konkan2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Boils

Terminaliabellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.(Belliricmyrobalan), Terminalia chebula Retz.(Black myrobalan), and Piper nigrum L. (Black pepper) are crushed to make a powder, and applied topically on boils in District Ghotki (Sindh).

Pyoderma

Cassia fistula L. (Golden shower) seeds, Berberis vulgarisL. (European Barberry), T. chebula, MyristicafragransHoutt. (Nutmeg), and Withania Coagulation Dunal. (Vegetable rennet) are soaked, and then boiled. One tablespoon of this decoction is taken orally daily for the treatment of pyoderma in District NaushahroFeroz (Sindh).

Alopecia

Terminaliabellirica(Belliricmyrobalan) and T. chebula are crushed to make a powder, and taken orally for the treatment of alopecia in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Blood blister

One fruit ofT. Chebula and 2 fruits of Withaniacoagulans Dunal. (Vegetable rennet) are soaked in one glass of water overnight. It is heated in the morning and taken orally for curing blood blister in District QamberShahdadkot (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Active constituents of T. chebulaare tannic acid, chebulinic acid,terflavin A, rutins, arjunic acid, terchebulin, chebulagic acid, punicalagin, quercetin, ellagic acid, luteolin, arjunglucoside 1 and 2, terchebin, and gallic acid3.

Chemical Structure:

Terminalia chebula Retz.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific Studies

T. chebulais useful in various skin diseases such as eczema and for healing wounds. Fruit pulp is used as dentrifices4. It is used for abdominal problems such as flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, and cyst5. Fruit is applied in skin infection such asleucoderma, itching, and pain3. Ointment made from fruit is used for healing wounds, and for the treatment of scabies,scalds, leprosy, and eye and ulcer infections6.

Ethanol extract is reported forantioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic, wound healing, anticonvulsant, and cardio protective effect. Aqueous extract is reported for antifungal, antiviral, antimutagenic, anticarries, and radiation protective effect3.

References

  1. Trivedi, P. C.,and Sharma, N. K. (2003).Ethnomedicinal Plants, p. 110, Pointer Publisher Jaipur 302 003(Raj), India.
  2. Germplasm Resources Information Network: TerminaliachebulaGermplasm Resources Information Network: Terminaliachebula
  3. http://www.ijrpbsonline.com/files/38-3251.pdf
  4. Khare, C. P. (2012).Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 654, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
  5. Dhiman, A. K. (2006). Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 150-151, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
  6. Bhattacharjee, S. K. (2004).Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 344, Pointer publisher Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.