Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.

Botanical Name:         Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.

Kingdom:                     Plantae

Order:                          Caryophyllales

Family:                        Tamaricaceae

Genus:                         Tamarix

Local Name:                Athel tamarisk

Sindhi Name:              Lai

English Name:            Athel pine

Part Used:                  Leaves and Bark

Description

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. Trees or tall shrub is glabrous and has reddish brown to grey bark. Leaves are vaginate and mucronate. Flowers are subsessile, bisexual, and pinkish white in color. Bracts are ovate, vaginate,  and acuminate1.

Occurrence

Tamarix aphylla is widely distributed in Middle East (Jordan, Israel, Iraq, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran), Iran, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Africa (Morocco, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, Tunisia, Abyssinia, Eriterea, Kenya, Somaliland, Sudan,).1, 2

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Wound:

Peel of T. aphyllais soaked in water and then sieved. Peel is then mixed with butter oil to make a paste and used externally for healing wounds in District Sukkurand QamberShahdadkot(Sindh).

Pustules:

Powder of T. aphylla wood is fried in oil to make an oily solution. It is applied on pus for the treatment of pustules in District Ghotki (Sindh).

Burn

  1. Wood of T. aphyllais heated to get extract. This wood extract is applied on burnt area in District Ghotki (Sindh).
  2. Powder of T. aphylla wood is applied on burnt area in District Ghotki (Sindh).

Chicken pox

T. aphyllaplant is ground to make a paste and applied on chicken pox in District Sajawal (Sindh). It is also appied on burnt skin in District QamberShahdadkot (Sindh).

Vitiligo and Abscess

Peel ofT. aphyllais ground to make a paste and applied daily on white spots in District Badin (Sindh).it is also used topically for the treatment of abscess in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Ringworm

Leaves ofT. aphyllais ground and mixed with butter to make a paste and applied topically for the treatment of ringwormand fungal infection in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Glycosylated isoferulic acid, phenolics (tamarixetin and dehydrodigallic acid) are the main chemical constituents of this plant.  Other primary phytochemicals includes alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, and tannins compounds.2,3

Chemical Structure:

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Leaves of T. aphylla are reported to has anti-inflammatory, antioxidat activities and used for wound healing. Decoction of leaves and young branches is used as lotion for curing swollen spleen. Plant extract used for the treatment of leishmaniasis. Bark is applied on wounds as a bandage for healing. Bark and galls are used as aphrodisiac, astringent, tonic and for the treatment of eczema, hepatitis, and other skin diseases.4

REFERENCES

  1. Flora of Pakistan:http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspxflora_id=5&taxon_id=200011856.
  2. Alrumman, S. A. (2016). Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Properties of Tamarix aphylla Leaves Growing Naturally in the Abha Region, Saudi Arabia. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 41(6), 2123-2129.
  3. Akhlaq, M., Mohammed, A. (2011). New Phenolic Acids From The Galls of Tamarix Aphylla (L.)Karst. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 2(4), 222-225.
  4. Sadafbibi, Afzal, M., Kulsoombibi, Naziaaziz, Shahanaaziz Raheem, A. (2015). Antifungal activity of Tamarixa phylla(L.)Karst. stem-bark extract against some pathogenic fungi. International Journal of Pharmacological Research, 5 (2).