Suaeda fruticosa L.Forssk.
Sindhi Name: Lani
Local Name: Ushoon, Lani
Part Used: fruit, leaves, and seeds
English Name: Shrubby Seablite
Suaeda fruticosa L. Forssk.is a perennial and evergreen shrub with glabrous branches. Leaves are fleshy, oblong to linear, and sessile. Flowers are green or reddish in color, minute,and present in clusters, forming dense spikes1.
S. fruticosais originally a European species, extending from Asia to North-Eastern Africa1.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
- Peels of S. fruticosa are ground to make a paste, and this paste is applied topically for curing ringworm in the District Nausheroferoz (Sindh).
- Leaves of S. fruticosaare ground to make a paste, and applied topically at the affected area for the treatment of ringworm in the District Nausheroferoz (Sindh).
S. fruticosa contains a group of chromo alkaloids containing betacyanins and betaxanthine which are collectively called “Betalains”2,3.Plant contains terpenoids, tannins, saponins, coumarins, fatty acids such as oleic acid, linolenicacid, and palmitic acid, and polyphenols, such ashydroxycinnamic acid4.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
S. fruticosa is used for healing wounds. Leaves are used for curingophthalmia. Plant is act as laxative and diuretic1,5. It is also used for various other diseases and disorderssuch as digestive, skin, respiratory, pain, fever, toothache, genito-urinary, etc6.
Extract of the plant exhibits potent antibacterial activity1,6.Betalain,one of the constituent of plant, is responsible for its antioxidant activity2.Aqueous and methanolic extracts of plant showed hepatoprotective activity7.
- Ghulam, A., Surraiya, F. (2012), Floral Guide Indus Ecoregion, 100, WWF Publishers, WWF Pakistan.
- Chang-Quan, W., Min, C., Ji-Qiang, Z., and Bao-Shan, W. (2007), Betacyanin accumulation in the leaves of C3 halophyte Suaeda salsa is induced by watering roots with H2O2. Plant Sci., 172(1), 1–7.
- Naija, D. S., and Helal, A. N. (2014). The Antioxidant and Free-Radical Scavenging Activities of Tamarix boveana and Suaeda fruticosa Fractions and Related Active Compound. European Scientific Journal, 10(18), 201–219.
- Cybulska, I., Brudecki, G., Alassali, A., Thomsen, M., and Brown, J. J. (2014). Phytochemical Composition of Some Common Coastal Halophytes of the United Arab Emirates. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 26(12), 1046–1056. doi:10.9755/ejfa.v26i12.19104.
- R. N., Nayar. S. L., and Chopra. I. C.Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
- Qasim, M., Gulzar, S., and Ajmal, M. K. (2011), Halophytes as Medicinal Plants, Chapter: 21, p. 336 Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
- Ur, J., Us, N., and Akhtar, N. (2013). Hepatoprotective Activity of Aqueous- Aqueous and Methanolic Extract of Suaeda paracetamol Induced hepatotoxicity in Rabbits Fruticosa in paracetamol-. Bangladesh Journal Pharmacology, 8(3), 378–381. doi:10.3329/bjp.v8i3.16631.