Botanical name: Solanum surattense Burm.f
Synonym: Solanum virginianum Linn.
Sindhi name: Aderi
Local name: Kateli
English name: Mamoli
Part used: Root, stem, flowers, and seeds
Solanum surattense Burm.f. is a perennial herb with lots of spikes, small spiklets, and small pricks. Fruit is globose and ovate. Fruits turn yellow when they ripe. Flowers are bluish-purple.1It is a very prick and diffuse herb. Leaves are pinna tifid and ovate-elliptic.
Solanum surattense Burm.f. is widely cultivated in Himalayas, South-East Malaysia, Australia, and Polynesia.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Ground aderi fruit (Solanum surattense Burm.f.) is mixed with water and the is paste is applied topically twice a day for the treatment of scabies and ringworm in District Badin and Sukkur. Crushed aderi (Solanum surattense Burm.F) plant is boiled in water and used for bath for the treatment of scabies in District Sukkur and Umerkot.
Solanum surattense Burm.f. root contains solanine, solanidin, solasodine, a waxy substances and fatty acids. It also contains alkaloids, tannins, sugars, starch, fats, oil, proteins, mucilage, liginins, and calcium oxalate. Fruits contain diosgenin, solasonine, solamargine, ß-solamargine, and solasodine.6 Petals contain apigenin, and stamens contain quercetin, diglycoside, and sitosterol.9
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:
A Chinese medicine preparation, comprising of Herba artemisiaeordosicae, Herba Saginae Japonicae, Herba Alternantherae sessilis, Solanum surattense Burm., Herba PassifloraeWilsonii, Radix seu Caulis Kadsurae Heteroclitae, Herba pronephrii triphylli, Rhizoma chiritae fimbrisepalae, Herbapofhos repensae, Herba veronicastri caulopteri, and Petasites japonicasis used for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis, and has nourishing effects on liver and kidney.2 Chinese medicine patch containing Solanum surattense Burm. is used for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation.3 Solanum surattense Burm. exhibits strong antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities.4, 5, 7, 8 Fruit is used as an adjuvant for promoting conception.9 Root is used as an expectorant. Leaves are applied topically to relieve pain. Decoction of the plant is used for the treatment of various skin diseases.10
- Bhattacharjee, S. K. (2004), Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 326, Pointer Publisher Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.
- Yang, Jianxun, Faming Zhuanli Shenqing (2014), CN 103599379 A 20140226, Chinese, Database.
- Xue, Qingpei; Chen, Hongyu; Cui, Shuhao; Wang, Zhigang; Pan, JinxianFrom Faming Zhuanli Shenqing (2014), CN 103751541 A 20140430, Chinese, Database.
- Muruhan, S., Selvaraj, S., Viswanathan, P. K. (2013), In vitro antioxidant activities of Solanum surattense leaf extract. Asian Pac Journal of Trop Biomed ; 3(1):28-34.
- Sheeba, E. (2010), Antibacterial activity of Solanum surattense Burm. F. Vol, E. Kathmandu University Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 6(1): 1-4.
- Dhiman, A. K. (2006), Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 192-193, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
- Chaturvedi, P. K., Bhui, K., and Shukla Y. (2008), Lupeol: connotations for chemoprevention, Journal of Cancer Lett, 263, p. 1-13.
- Fewel, A. M., Roddick, J. G., Weissenberg, M. (1994), Interactions between the Glycoalkaloids Solasonine, Jounal of Phytochemistry., 37, 1007-1011.
- Khare, C. P. (2007), Indian Medicinal plants, p. 615, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
- Pullaiah, T. (2006), Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants, IV, p. 1824, Regency Publishers, New Delhi, India.