Solanum lycopersicum Linn.
Sindhi Name: Tamato
Local Name: Tamatar
English Name: Tomato, Love Apple
Part Used: Fruit
Solanum lycopersicum Linn. is sprawling or sub-erect herb. Viscid hairs are present that covered all part of plant. Leaves are pinnatisect. Flowers are yellow and present on long peduncles. Fruit is bright red1.
S. lycopersicumis native to America, and spread throughout the world1.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
Solanum lycopersicum L. (Tomato) juice is taken for curing fungal infections 2- 3 times a day in District Jamshoro (Sindh)
Pieces of S. lycopersicum, salt, Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) flour, and Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) are mixed to make a paste and this paste is applied on affected area for curing ringworm in District Sukkur (Sindh)
S. lycopersicum are cut into slices and these slices are tied on the affected area for curing abscess in District Sukkur (Sindh).
Important phytochemical constituents of S. lycopersicumare lycopene, β-carotene, lutein, phenols, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, dehydroascorbic acid, esculoside A,quercetin glycosides, oxo-octadecadienoic acid,naringeninchalcone, and chlorogenic acid. Leaves contain neringenin, calconaringenin, α-tocopherol, and caffeic acid. Tomato is a rich source of vitamin A and C, carbohydrate, and fat2,3.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:
S. lycopersicumare taken orally for blood purification and for the prevention of gastric problems4. It has pain-relieving property5. It is said to be useful in sore mouth6, cures burns, and boils7. It is applied on the skin for the treatment ofvitiligo and ringworm7. Fruit is a good soouce of vitamin A therefore helpful in keeping hair shiny and strong8.
Alcoholic extract of S. lycopersicumpossessed CNS depressant and analgesic properties5.Plant also possessed anthelmintic, anticarcinogenic, platelet antiaggregation, hyperglycemic,hypercholesterolemic, cardiovascular,antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antibacterial activities9,10.
- http://www.herballegacy.com/Vance_Chemical.html; Chemical Composition of Stinging Nettle and Tomatoes.
- 10- Eltayeb, E. A., Al-Ansari, A. S., and Roddick, J.G . (1997). Changes in the Steroidal Alkaloid Solasodine during Development of SolanumnigrumandSolanumincanum, Phytochemistry, 46(3), 489-94.
- Joshi, S. G. (2000). Medicinal plants, p. 373, Mohan Primlani Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt.Ltd.66 Janpath, New Delhi 110001, India.
- Khare, C. P. (2007), Indian Medicinal plants, p. 387, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
- Nadkarins, K. M. (1954). Indian MateriaMedica, p. 756, Manglore Press, India.
- Duke, J. A., (2002). Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, II, 735-736, CRC press, New York, Washington, DC, U. S. A.
- Murali Krishna, J. et al., (2013). Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Studies of Various Extracts of Tomato (Solanumlycopersicum), Scholars Academic Journal of Biosciences, 1(2), 34-38.
- Perveen, R., Suleria, H. A. R., Anjum, F. M., Butt, M. S., Pasha, I., & Ahmad, S. (2015). Tomato (Solanumlycopersicum) Carotenoids and Lycopenes Chemistry; Metabolism, Absorption, Nutrition, and Allied Health Claims-A Comprehensive Review. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 55(7), 919-929.