Salvadora oleiods Decne

Salvadora oleiodes Decne.

Botanical Name:    Salvadora oleiodes Decne.Salvadora oleiodes Decne.

Kingdom:                   Plantae

Order:                          Brassicales

Family:                        Salvadoraceae

Genus:                         Salvadora

Sindhi Name:           Jhar, Khabbar

Local Name:              Bara peelu

English Name:          Tooth brush tree

Part Used:                  Roots, bark, and stem

 

Description

Salvadora oleiodes Decne. is a small tree with drooping branches. Fruit is yellow and ripens in the months of May and June1.Trunk is short, twisted or bent, and up to 2 m in diameter. Bark is grey or whitish-grey. Flowers are sessile and greenish-white. Fruit is a drupe, and globose. Seeds are greenish-yellow2.

 

Occurrence:

S. oleiodesis found in India, Pakistan, and Southern Iran2.

 

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Candidiasis:

Origanum vulgare L. (Oregano), candy sugar, Salvadora oleiods Decne (Salvadora) tree peels are ground together to form a paste. The paste is applied topically on the affected area for the treatment of candidiasis in District Badin (Sindh).

Wound:

  • Triticum aestivum (Wheat) and S. oleiods leaves are ground together to form a paste. The paste is used for wound healing in District Jacabobad (Sindh).
  • S. oleiods leaves are heated and tied on the affected area for wound healing in the District Karachi (Sindh).
  • S. oleiods plant wood, honey and Capsicum annum L. (Red chillie) are ground to form a paste. The paste is applied topically on the affected area for wound healing in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Abscess:

S. oleiods leaves are ground to form a paste. The paste is used for the treatment of Abscess in District Jamshoro (Sindh).

 

Psoriasis:

Paste of S. oleiods leaves is applied on the affected area for the treatment of Psoriasis in the District Mitiari (Sindh).

Scabies:

  • oleiods and Salvadora persica Decne (Tooth brush leaves) are ground together to form a paste. This paste is applied on the affected area for curing scabies in the District Nawabshah (Sindh).
  • Leaves of oleiods are boiled in water. The water is used for taking bath daily for 3-4 times a day for the treatment of scabies in the District Sanghar (Sindh).

Pyoderma:

S. oleiods plant peels are ground to form a paste. The paste is applied topically on the affected area for curing pyoderma in the District Shikarpur (Sindh).

Ringworm:

S. oleiods and Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Neem) leaves are ground to form a paste. The paste is applied topically on the affected area for curing Ringworm in the District Umerkot (Sindh).

Alopecia:

S. oleiods peels are ground to form a paste. The paste is applied topically for the treatment of Alopecia in the District Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

S. oleiodescontains β-sitosterol,stigmasterol, and alkaloid trimethylamine3. Extract of leaves contains carbohydrates, glycosides, saponins, steroids, triterpenes, proteins, amino acids, and mucilage. Seeds contain fatty oil, ethereal oil, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and cardiolipin4. Fruits are dibenzylurea, dibenzylthiourea, oxalic acid, and phytic acid5,6.

Chemical Structures:

Salvadora oleiodes Decne.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

S. oleiodesis used as diuretic, cooling herb, wound healing herb, and a nerve tonic1. Whole plant is used in tradition medicinefor the treatment of various uterine and skin disorders1,2.Leaves paste is used against cough and spleen enlargement, and also applied on anus for curing piles. Leaves paste mixed with water and applied topically on eye for the treatment of cornea opacity. Root decoction is used against fever and for the regulation of menstrual problem7.

S. oleiodesexhibitedantihyperlipidimic, antihypoglycemic, and anti-inflammatory activities. Aqueous extract of powdered leaves have analgesic activity. Benzene extract of root and stem possess antimicrobial activity. Methanol extract showed acute antitoxic effect7.

 

References

  1. Salvadoraoleiodes (2006).Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture.
  2. Naresh, V., Singh, S., and Sharma, S. K. (2013); Antibacterial Activity of Stem Bark of Salvadora oleoides International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research. 5(1): 76-78.
  3. Nadkarni, K. M. (1976).Indian MateriaMedica. 3(1), 1091-92, Popular Prakashan, Bombay
  4. Rastogi, R. P. and Merhotra, B. N. (2006).Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants.2, 536, Central Drug Research Institute and Publication & Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.
  5. Rastogi, R. P., and Merhotra, B. N. (2007).Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants. 3, 548, Central Drug Research Institute and Publication and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.
  6. (2004).The Wealth of India, A Dictionary of Indian Raw Material And Industrial Product.V, 43, Publication and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi.
  7. http://www.ijbio.com/index.php/ijb/article/viewFile/16/16