Raphanussativus L.

Raphanussativus L.

Botanical Name:        Raphanussativus L.Raphanussativus L.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Brassicales

Family:                         Brassicaea, Crucifarea

Genus:                          Raphanus

Sindhi Name:            Moori

Local Name:              Mooli

English Name:          Radish

Part Used:                   Whole plant

Description:

Raphanussativus L. are small roots, annual, and grow rapidly. Flowers are white or violet1. Lower leaves are on hairy petioles and 3 cm long.Roots are white, cylindrical and fleshy2.

Occurrence

R. sativusis cultivated in India, Pakistan, and other temperate and warm countries1,2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

  1. Raphanus sativus L. (Radish) leaves or Laptadenia phyrotechnica Decne. (Camel thorn) are boiled in water. This boiled water is used to wash the affected area for the treatment of Ringworms in the District Sanghar (Sindh).
  2. Paste of R. sativus and Dalbergi sissooRoxb. (North Indian Rosewood) leaves is applied topically f or the treatment of wound in the District Khairpur (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Peels of R. sativus tannins, saponins, flavonoids, phlobatannins, anthraquinones, carbohydrates, lipids, alkaloids, amino acids, vitamin C, cardiac glycosides, and chalcones. Pelargonidinand delphinidin are present in red pink radish while purple radish contains cyanidin3.

Roots containpyrrolidine, phenethylamine,N-methylphenethylamine,1,2´-pyrrolidin-tion-3-il-3-acid-carboxilic-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline,and sinapine4,5,6. Seed oil of radish containsprogoitrin and gluconapin7.

Chemical Structure:

Raphanussativus L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:

R.sativusis usedfor curing many skin ailments and edema8,9.Rootis taken orally and also applied for the treatment of  various skin diseases such as, eczema, dermatitis, athlete’s foot, heat rash, psoriasis, and pruritus. It also act as antidote to insect bites. It can be used for skin diseases with no side effect. Seeds are ground and applied for the treatment of syphilis4. Leaves juice act as diuretic. Crushed root is applied topically on smelly feet, burns, and bruises11.

Ethanol extract of leaves showed hepatoprotective activity. Aqueous and ethonolic extract of fruit possessed Cardio protective effect. Methanol extract of leaves showed anticancer and antimicrobial activities. Plant also reported for anti-microbial, antityrosinase, antioxidant, gastroprotective, histaminergic spasmolytic, and choleretic activities11.

References

  1. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/4105767?projectid=32(Flora of Pakistan)
  2. Thomas S. C. Li, (2000), Medicinal Plants, p. 34, Technomic Publishers, Inc, Lancaster, U. S. A.
  3. Paul, R., and David, M. (2011). hytochemical Composition and Biological Activity of 8 Varieties of Radish (Raphanussativus) Sprouts and Mature Taproots. J Food Sci. 76(1), 185-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01972.x
  4. Marquardt, P. (1976). N-methylphenethylamine, an an indirect sympathicomimetic agent in vegetables. Arzneimittel-forschung,26,201–203.
  5. Wan, C. (1984). Studies on chemical constituents in radish (Raphanussativus) seeds. II. Shaanxi Xinyiyao,13, 54–55.
  6. Weilan, W., Jin, Z., Zhongda, L., and Meng, L. (1987). Hypotensive constituents of Laifuzi (Semen raphani).Zhongcaoyao,18, 101–103.
  7. Matile, P. (1975).The Lytic Compartment of Plant Cells. 15–63, Springer-Verlag, New York.
  8. Shukla, (2011), Antimicrobial efficacy of R.S. root juice Research article, Vol:III, suppl 5, , P.1, 133N-0975-1491, India.
  9. ShriRao, P.V. N, (1992), Selected Medicinal Plants of India, p. 271-272, Tata Press Ltd. Bombay-400 025, India.
  10. Khare, C. P. (2007), Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 537-538, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
  11. http://www.ordonearresearchlibrary.org/data/pdfs/ijdfr218.pdf