Punica granatum Linn.
Sindhi Name: Darhoon
Local Name: Anaar
English Name: Pomegranate
Part Used: Whole plant
PunicagranatumLinn.isan small shrub or tree. Fruits are large, globose, pulpy, and very juicy1.Branches are spiny and long-lived.Leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, glossy, and oblong. Flowers are bright red. Petals are thin and wrinkled2.
P. granatumis distributed inAfrica, Pakistan, india, California, America,central Asia, and Mediterranean region3. In Pakistan, it is found cultivated in KhyberPakhtoonkhwa, Punjab,and Baluchistan provinces in Pakistan4.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
- Paste of Punica granatum L. (Pomegranate) peel in butter is applied twice a day for curing fungal infection (onchomycosis) in District Badin (Sindh).
- Paste of clarified butter and P. granatum peel is applied at the affected area for the treatment of fungal infections in District Sajawal (Sindh).
Peel of P. granatum is ground and applied to the affected area in District Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh).
Punicalin, punicalagine, granatine β, gallagyldilaclene, casuarine, pedunculagine, and tellimagrandine, iso-pelletierine, pseudo-pelletierine, methyl iso-pelletierine,pelletierine, gallic acid, granatine A, corilagine, ellagic acid, sitosterol, friedelin, ursolic acid, mastinic acid and asiatic acid were isolated from different parts of P. granatum5.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:
Powder of P. granatumflower is used for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Tender leaves are cooked and used as gargle in buccal affliction. Paste of whole plant is used antidote to snake bite. Peel decoction is used against abdominal pain. Infusion of root and rind is used in the form of injection in leucorrhea. Crushed leaves are used orally in Africa for expelling of tapeworm5. Fresh juice has cooling and refrigerant6.Flower buds are used in breathing problems3.Fruit juice is recommended to leprosy patients7.
Plant is reported for antispasmodic, abortificient,antiaging, antiulcer, analgesic, cordiotonic, anodyne, diuretic, antiatherogenic,antifertility,amebicide,antihelmintic, and antitubercular activities5.
- Khare, C. P. (2012), Indian Medicinal plants, p. 527, Springer Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
- Morton, J. F (1987). “Pomegranate, Punicagranatum“. Fruits of Warm Climates. Purdue New Crops Profile. pp. 352–5. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Duke, J. A. (2002), Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, p. 583, II, CRC Publishers, New York, Washington, DC, U.S.A.
- Joshi, S. G. (2000), Medicinal plants, 326-327, Mohan Primlani Oxford & IBH Publishers Co. Pvt. Ltd. 66 Janpath, New Delhi 110001, India.
- “Pomegranate (Plant) – Encyclopedia Britannica”. Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-07-07.