Prosopis glandulosa Torr

Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Classification:

Synonym:                  Prosopis juliflora (SW).       Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Botanical name:        Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Family:                        Fabaceae

Kingdom:                    Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Genus:                          Prosopis

Species:                        P. glandulosa

Sindhi name:              Devi naro

Local name:                Devi

English name:            Honey mesquite

Part used:                   Roots, leaves, bark, and gum

 Description:

Prosopis glandulosa Torr. is a thorny shrub which attains a height of 8 m. Flowers are greenish yellow and fruits are 17 cm long with 1.5 cm broad pods.1 Flowers are with pale, yellow, elongated spikes, bear straight, and yellow seed pods. Roots, leaves, inner bark, and gum of this plant are very useful. Leaflets are larger.2 Honey mesquite has rounded, big, floppy, and drooping branches with feathery foliage, and paired spines on twigs.

 Occurrence:

P. glandulosa is native to America. It has been also widely naturalized in Karachi and other parts of West Pakistan.2 P. glandulosa is also native to the Southwestern United States, Mexico, Kansas, and Texas.8

 Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Scabies, Ringworm, and Abscess

Ground leaves of Prosopis glandulosa is added in mustard oil, which is then applied topically for the treatment of scabies, ringworm, and abscess in District Mirpurkhas (Sindh).

Constituents:

Roots and bark of P. glandulosa contain alkaloids and apigenin5. Leaves contain tyramine and N-methyltyramine which is considered as a stimulant.6 Stem contains oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, a series of the higher aliphatic alcohols, glycosides of campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, and D (+)-pinitol.7 Several studies have also shown the presence of sterols, carbohydrates, glycosides, gums, mucilage, and flavonoids in honey mesquite. 2, 3-dihydro-1H-indolizinium chloride is also an important constituent of this plant.

Chemical Structures: 

Prosopis glandulosa Torr. st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific studies:

A tea made from the roots of P. glandulosa is given in umbilical hernia in children. Inner bark of this plant is boiled in salted water and drunk for the treatment of indigestion.1 Gum of this plant is dissolved in water and used for treating sore throat.2 Powdered leaves are soaked in water and the liquid is squeezed in the sore eyes. Mesquite is commonly used to treat eye infections, open wounds, and skin ailments.5

Mesquite is antibacterial, antifungal, and treats dermatosis and wound.4 Ethanolic extract of Prosopis glandulosa leaves is weakly active as anti-infective and antiparasitic agents. It also possessed potent antiparasitic activity.9

 References:

1- Bhattacharjee, Prof. S. K. (2004), Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 284, Pointer Publishers, Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.

2- Jafri, S. M. H. (1966), Flora of Karachi, p. 150-151, The book of corporation Publishers, Karachi, Pakistan.

3-Duke,  J. A., 2002, Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, II, p. 499-500, CRC Publishers, New York, Washington, DC, U. S. A.

4- Khare, C.P., (2012), Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 518, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.

5-Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (http://medplant.nmsu.edu/mesquite4.shtm)

6- Prosopis glandulosa. www.hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 2008-05-01.

7- Planta Med (1977); 32(7): 244-246 DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1097595.

8-“Taxon: Prosopis glandulosa Torr.”. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. (1997)-05-22. Retrieved 2010-01-01.

9-Burkhart, A. A Monograph of the Genus Prosopis. J Arnold Arboretum. (1976);57:450–525.