Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Botanical Name:         Prosopis glandulosaTorr.Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Kingdom:                        Plantae

Order:                               Fabales

Family:                            Fabaceae

Genus:                             Prosopis

Sindhi Name:                Devi naro

Local Name:                  Devi

English Name:              Honey mesquite

Part Used:                      Roots, leaves, bark, and gum

 

Description

Prosopis glandulosaTorr.is a thorny shrub. Fruits are long with broad pods1. Flowers are with pale and yellow with elongated spikes. Seed pod are straight and yellow. Leaflets are larger2.

Occurrence

P.glandulosais widely distributed in America, Kansas, Mexico, and Texas3.In Pakistan, it is found in Karachi and other parts of West Pakistan2.

Ethnomedicinal uses in Skin Diseases

Ringworm and Scabies

  1.  Ground leaves of ProsopisglandulosaTorr. (Holy basil) to form paste and applied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in Districts Badin, Nawabshah, Sajawal, Dadu, and Karachi (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of scabies in District Karachi (Sindh) and for the treatment of wounds in District Umerkot (Sindh).
  2. Wood of P. glandulosa is burned and extract is applied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in Districts Badin, Kashmore, Mirpurkhas,Sanghar,Umerkot,and Ghotki (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of fungal infection in District Jamshoro (Sindh).
  3. Fruit and leaves of Luffaacutangula L. (Dish cloth) are ground with P. grandulosa plant and mixed in Brassica compestrisL. (Mustard) oil to form paste, this paste is applied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in District Badin (Sindh).
  4. Ground leaves of P. grandulosa and LallemantiaroyleanaBenth. (Cool seeds) to form paste and applied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in Districts Naushehroferoz andGhotki (Sindh).
  5. Branches of P. grandulosa are burned and ash is applied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in District Jacobabad (Sindh).
  6. Dried branches of P. grandulosa are burned to ashes and mixed in Brassica compestrisL. (Mustard) oil, this mixture is applied twice a day on infected area for the treatment of ringworm in Districts Kambar-shahdadkot andMirpurkhas (Sindh).
  7. Ground leaves of P. glandulosa and mixed in Brassica compestris (Mustard) oil to form paste and applied topically for 3-7 days on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in District Nawabshah (Sindh).
  8. Ground leaves of P. glandulosa and mixed in oil to form paste and applied topically on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in District Tharparkar (Sindh).
  9. Ground leaves of P. grandulosa with oil of Luffaacutangula (Dish cloth) and jaggery to form paste, this paste is applied on affected area for 3-4 days for the treatment of ringworm in District Umerkot (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of infections in District Tandojam (Sindh).
  10. Leaves of P. grnadulosa are fried in Brassica compestris (Mustard) oil, these leaves are tied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in District Umerkot (Sindh).
  11. Leaves of P. grandulosa are boiled and affected area is washed with this water for the treatment of ringworm in District TandoAllahyar (Sindh).

Fungal Infection

Leaves of P. grandulosa is burned and ash is mixed with Brassica compestris(Mustard) oil, this mixture is applied on infected area for 3-4 days for the treatment of fungal infection in District Badin (Sindh).

Boils

  1. Leaves of P. grandulosa and AzadirachtaindicaA. Juss. (Neem) are ground to form paste and applied on affected area for 3-4 days for the treatment of boils in District Jamshoro (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of P. grandulosa are ground to form paste and mixed with balm to form thick paste, this ointment is applied on affected area for the treatment of boils in District Thatta (Sindh).

Scabies

  1. Fruit of P. grandulosa are ground to form paste and applied topically on affected area for the treatment of scabies in District Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of P. grandulosa are boiled till tender, these leaves are tied on affected area for the treatment of scabies in District Tandojam (Sindh).
  3. Leaves of P. grandulosa are ground with crystal sugar and mixed with water to form paste, this paste is applied topically for the treatment of scabies in District Tandojam (Sindh).
  4. Ground leaves of P. grandulosa with water to form paste and applied topically on affected area for the treatment of scabies in District TandoAllahyar (Sindh).

Wounds

Leaves of P. grandulosa are ground to form paste and mixed with powdered Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) and jaggery, this paste is applied for the treatment of wounds in District Umerkot (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Oleanolicacid, ursolic acid, Prosopilosine,  isoprosopilosine, isoprosopilosidine, juliprosopine, juliprosine, prosopilosidine, glycosides of campesterol, stigmasterol and β-sitosterol, and D (+)-pinitol were some constituents isolated from this plant4,5.

Chemical Structure:

Prosopis glandulosa Torr.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:

Tea made from P.glandulosaroots is employed in umbilical hernia in children. Boiled inner bark in salted water is taken orally for the treatment of indigestion1. Gum dissolved in water is recommended for sore throat2.Infusion of powdered leaves is used as eye drop forsore eyes. Mesquite is also used for skin ailments and healing of wounds6.

P.glandulosais reported for antibacterial and antifungal activities7.Ethanolic extract of leaves showed weak anti-infective and antiparasiticactivities. Plant also possesses potent antiparasiticactivity8.

References

  1. Bhattacharjee, Prof. S. K. (2004), Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 284, Pointer Publishers, Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.
  2. Jafri, S. M. H. (1966), Flora of Karachi, p. 150-151, The book of corporation Publishers, Karachi, Pakistan.
  3. (1997). “Taxon: ProsopisglandulosaTorr.”.Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture.
  4. Zirvi, K. A., Jewers, K., andNagler, M. J. (1977). Phytochemical investigation of Prosopisglandulosa stems. Plantamedica, 32(3), 244-246.
  5. Samoylenko, V., Ashfaq, M. K., Jacob, M. R., Tekwani, B. L., Khan, S. I., Manly, S. P., and Muhammad, I. (2009). Indolizidine, Antiinfective and Antiparasitic Compounds from Prosopisglandulosa Var. glandulosa. Journal of Natural Products, 72(1), 92–98. http://doi.org/10.1021/np800653z
  6. Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (http://medplant.nmsu.edu/mesquite4.shtm)
  7. Khare, C.P. (2012), Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 518, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
  8. Burkhart, A. A. (1976). Monograph of the Genus Prosopis. Journal of Arnold Arboretum. 57, 450–525.