Prosopis glandulosa Torr.
Synonym: Prosopis juliflora (SW).
Sindhi name: Devi naro
Local name: Devi
English name: Honey mesquite
Part used: Roots, leaves, bark and gum
Prosopis glandulosa Torr. is a thorny shrub which may attain a height of 8 m. Flowers are greenish yellow and fruits are 17 cm long with 1.5 cm broad pods.1 Flowers are with pale, yellow, elongated spikes and bear straight, yellow seed pods. Roots, leaves, inner bark and gum of this plant are very useful. Leaflets are larger.2 Honey mesquite has rounded, big and floppy, drooping branches with feathery foliage and straight, paired spines on twigs.
Prosopis glandulosa Torr. is native to America, it has been also widely naturalized in Karachi and other parts of West Pakistan.2 Prosopis glandulosa Torr. is also native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico, growing as far north as southern Kansas and as far east as the eastern fifth of Texas.8
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Ground leaves of devi plant is added in mustard oil, which is then applied topically for the treatment of scabies, ringworm and abscess.
Roots and bark of Prosopis glandulosa Torr. contain alkaloids, apigenin5 and the leaves contain tyramine and N-methyltyramine which is considered as a stimulant.6 Stem contains oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, a series of the higher aliphatic alcohols, glycosides of campesterol, stigmasterol and β-sitosterol, and D (+)-pinitol.7 Several studies have also shown the presence of sterols, carbohydrates, glycosides, gums, mucilage and flavonoids in honey mesquite. 2, 3-dihydro-1H-indolizinium chloride is also an important constituent of this plant.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:
A tea made from the roots of Prosopis glandulosa Torr. is given in umbilical hernia in children. Inner bark of this plant is boiled in salted water and drunk for the treatment of indigestion.1 Gum of this plant is dissolved in water and used to treat sore throat.2 Powdered leaves are soaked in water and the liquid is squeezed in the sore eyes. Mesquite is commonly used to treat eye infections, open wounds and skin ailments.5
Mesquite is antibacterial and anti fungal, it treats dermatosis and wound.4 Ethanolic extract of Prosopis glandulosa leaves is weakly active as anti-infective and antiparasitic agent. It also possesses potent antiparasitic activity.9
1- Bhattacharjee, Prof. S. K. (2004), Handbook of Medicinal Plants, p. 284, Pointer Publishers, Jaipure 303003 (Raj), India.
2- Jafri, S. M. H. (1966), Flora of Karachi, p. 150-151, The book of corporation Publishers, Karachi, Pakistan.
3-Duke, J. A., 2002, Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, II, p. 499-500, CRC Publishers, New York, Washington, DC, U. S. A.
4- Khare, C.P., (2012), Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 518, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
5- Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (http://medplant.nmsu.edu/mesquite4.shtm)
6- “Prosopis glandulosa“. www.hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
7- Planta Med (1977); 32(7): 244-246 DOI: 10.1055/s-0028-1097595.
8- “Taxon: Prosopis glandulosa Torr.”. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. (1997)-05-22. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
9-Burkhart, A. A Monograph of the Genus Prosopis. J Arnold Arboretum. (1976);57:450–525.