Phoenix dactylifera L.

Phoenix dactylifera L.

Botanical Name:        Phoenix dactylifera L.Phoenix dactylifera L.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                            Arecales

Family:                          Arecaceae

Genus:                           Phoenix

Local Name:               Date

English Name:           Datepalm

Sindhi Name:             Date

Part Used:                   Date Fruit



Phoenix dactylifera L. is solitary tree. Leaves are large, glabrous, and long. Inflorescence are covered by boat-like bract. Flowers are rounded and distant. Fruit is cylindric, fleshy, and yellowish-brown to reddish brown. Seeds are stony and grooved from one side1.


P. dactylifera is distributed to Asia and Africa. In Pakistan, it is widely distributed in Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, and Khyber Phakhtoonhawa1.

Ethnomedicinal uses in Skin Diseases : 


Paste of Phoenix dactylifera L. (Date) is mixed in butter and applied on wound in District Jacobabad (Sindh).


P. dactylifera seeds are heated in oil and applied on ringworm infection in District Khashmore (Sindh).

Chicken Pox:

Paste is made from rock candy, Elettaria cardamomum Maton. (Green Cardamom), P. dactylifera and honey and this paste is applied on the affected area in District Sajawal (Sindh).


  1. Paste of P. dactylifera, Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric), and Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) is used for curing abscess in Sukkur (Sindh).
  2. Salt is mixed with P. dactylifera paste and applied at the affected area in District Sukkur (Sindh).
  3. Paste of P. dactylifera, T. aestivum (Wheat), and jiggery is used for the treatment of abscess in District Sukkur (Sindh).


P. dactylifera are heated and their paste is applied on the infection in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Prickly Heat

Paste of P. dactylifera and Triticum aestivum (Wheat) is mixed in oil and applied to cure prickly heat in District Sukkur (Sindh).

 Chemical Constituents

Protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, gallic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, o-coumaric acid, cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, isofucosterol, lutein, β-carotene, quercetin, luteolin, and neoxanthin were isolated from P. dactylifera2.

Chemical Structure:

Phoenix dactylifera

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

P. dactylifera is consumed daily for enhancing fertility. Fruit pulp is act as expectorant, demulcent, laxative, and diuretic.Daily consumption of dates is believed to have antiwrinkle effects and strengthening body. Pulp of fruit boiled in milk and used as a tonic during pregnancy and for increasing lactation. Dates are recommended to infants is used for hardening of gums in infants. Dry dates are chewed for increasing immunity against cold and for relieving from asthma2.

P. dactylifera is reported for free radical scavenging, antioxidant, antibacterial,antimutagenic, antimutgenic, antimicrobial, antiaging, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, antifungal, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, anticancer, and immunostimulant activities2,3,4,5.


  2. Baliga, M. S., Baliga, B. R. V., Kandathil, S. M., Bhat, H. P., and Vayalil, P. K. (2011). A review of the chemistry and pharmacology of the date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera). Food Research International, 44(7), 1812-1822.
  3. Sallal, A. K., andAshkenani, A. (1988). Effect of date extract on growth and spore germination of Bacillus subtilis.Microbios59(240-241), 203-210.
  4. Sallal, A. K., Abu El-Teen, K. H., andAbderrahman, S. (1996). Effect of date extract on growth and morphology of Candida albicans.Biomedical Letters, 179-184.
  5. Vayalil, P. K. (2002). Antioxidant and antimutagenic properties of aqueous extract of date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera Arecaceae).Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry50(3), 610-617.