Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.

Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.

Botanical Name:     Pennisetumglaucum (L.) R. Br.Field of Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.

Kingdom:                   Plantae

Order:                         Poales

Family:                        Poaceae

Genus:                         Pennisetum

Species:                       P. glaucum

Local Name:              Bajra

Sindhi Name:            Bajra

English Name:          Pearl millet

Part Used:                  Grains

Description:

Pennise tumglaucum (L.) R. Br.is an annual. Culms are robust and tall. It is densely pubescent at nodes and below inflorescence. Leaf sheaths are loose and smooth; both surfaces and margins of the leaves are scabrous. Inflorescence is linear to broadly elliptic, dense, and enclosing 1–9 spikelets. Bristles are usually shorter than spikelets1.

Occurances:

P. glaucumis cultivated from Sahel region to the eastern and southern Africa,and India. It is grown in sub-humid, semi-arid tropics,and subtropics of the world, sometimes extending into temperate zones.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Wound

Pennise tumglaucum (L.) R. Br. (Pearl millet) leaves are boiled in some water boil. These leaves are then used as bandage and tied on wound in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents:

P. glaucum contains polyphenols and tannin, phytic acid andphytate, goitrogens, and oxalic acid. Glucosylvitexin, glucosylorientin, vitexin2, vanillic, syringic, ferulic p-hydroxy benzoic acid, and cis/transp-coumaric acids were some phenolic compounds isolated from P. glaucum3.P. glaucumhas nutrients rich plants and contain B-vitamins, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper and manganese2.

Flavonoids (tricin, 7-OMe luteolin, and acacetin), phospholipids (lecithins and cephaelins), and fatty oil (linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid,and linolenic acid) were found in this plant3.

Chemical Structure:

Field of Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.st

Medical Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:

P. glaucum is reported for Neuro-degenerative disorder, Diabetes mellitus, Nephritis, Rheumatism, Alzhiemer disease, Cataracts, Cardiovascular disease, Acute liver toxicity and DNA damage4.

References:

  1. http://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242336504
  2. Nambiar, V. S., Dhaduk, J. J., Sareen, N., Shahu, T., & Desai, R. (2011). Potential functional implications of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in health and disease. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 1(10), 62.
  3. http://www.ijplsjournal.com/issues%20PDF%20files/nov-2012/4.pdf
  4. http://www.ijarbs.com/pdfcopy/oct2015/ijarbs21.pdf