Origanum vulgare L.

Origanum vulgare L.

Classification

Botanical Name:              Origanum vulgare L. Origanum-Vulgare-L.

Synonyms:

Kingdom:                          Plantae

Order:                               Lamiales

Family:                             Lamiaceae (Labiate)

Species:                           O. vulgare

Genus:                             Origanum

Local Name:                     Mirzanjosh

Sindhi Name:                   Sathar

English Name:                 Oregano

Parts Used:                      Whole Plant

Description:

O. vulgare is a woody and perennial herb. Leaves are ovate. Flowers are bright purple in color.1

 Occurrence:

O. vulgare is found in Mediterranean countries, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. In Pakistan, it is found in Swat, Kalam, and Chitral.1,2,3

 Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Azadirachta indica (Margose) leaves extract is used to clean the infected area first. Then burnt snails are mixed with ground powder of O. vulgare and crystal sugar to make a suppository. This suppository is placed intra-vaginally for 3 days for the treatment of candida infection in Districts Dadu, Badin, Sajawal, and Nawabshah (Sindh).

 Constituents:

Carvacrol, β-fenchyl alcohol, thymol, and γ-terpinene are the major constituents of O. vulgare.4 It also contains alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, anthraquinones, tannins (catechin and gallic acid), glycosides, coumarins, cardiac glycoside, phenolic acids, anthocyanins, leucoanthocyanins, starch, and steroids.5

Chemical Structures

Origanum-Vulgare-L.-st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/Scientific Studies

Herb of O. vulgare is used for the treatment of respiratory disorders. It is also used for the treatment of peptic ulcer. Flowers and juice of O. vulgare possessed antispasmodic property. Oil is used as carminative, stimulant, and as a tonic for colic pain and diarrhea.1 Warm infusion of the herb is used by women to increase their menstrual flow.3 Leaves are used for the treatment of various infections due to their antimicrobial property.5  Oil possessed antioxidant and antibacterial properties. 6

References

  1. Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”, 3, p: 1442, Regency Publications, New Delhi, India.
  2. Hedge, C. (1990). “Flora of Pakistan”, 192, 244, Herbarium Publishers, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  3. Baquar, S. R. (1989). “Medicinal and Poisonous Plant of Pakistan”, p: 309, First Edition, Printas Karachi, Pakistan.
  4. Teixeira, B., Marques, A., Ramos, C., Serrano, C., Matos, O., Neng, N. R., and Nunes, M. L. (2013). “Chemical Composition and Bioactivity of Different Oregano (Origanum vulgare) Extracts and Essential Oil”. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93(11), 2707-2714.
  5. Bendifallah, L., Tchoulak, Y., Djouabi, M., Oukili, M., and Ghezraoui, R. (2015). “Phytochemical Study and Antimicrobial Activity of Origanum vulgare (Lamiaceae) in Boumerdes Mountainous Region (Algeria)”. Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, 4(6), 471-474.
  6. http://examine.com/supplements/origanum-vulgare/.