Musa acuminate L.

Musa acuminate L.

Botanical Name:         Musa acuminate L.Musa acuminate L.

Synonym:                      Musa acuminataColla

Kingdom:                       Plantae

Order:                              Zingiberales

Family:                            Musaceae

Genus:                             Musa

Local Name:                  kaila

Sindhi Name:

English Name:              Banana

Part Used:                      whole plant

 

Description:

Musa acuminate L is a herbaceous perennial plant that grows up to 6 meters in height. They conatain hard trunks called as pseudo-stems. Leaves of this plant are 5.8 meters long and half a meter wide found spirally around the stem, 8-20 leaves are accomadated per plant. The stalk bears 6-9 clusters of fruit each cluster having 10-25 banana’s. The stem conatins a heftyterminal inflorescence. Hybrids contain no seeds but they can be found up to 25% in the wild type fruit3.

Occurrence:

30% of the all the Musa acuminate L (Banana) are produced by Ecuador, 70% of the total Banana production in the world occurs from Latin America. They are exported mainly from Ecuador, Costa Rica, Panama, Brazil, Honduras along with India2.

Ethanomedicinal uses in Skin Diseases

Measles

  1. Juice ofMusa acuminate L. (Banana) is taken orally for the treatment of measles in District Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh).
  2. 3-4 Fruit of M. acuminate is eaten daily for the treatment of measles in Districts Badin, Thatta, Nawabshah,Dadu, and Sajawal (Sindh).
  3. Peel of M. acuminate fruit is soaked in water, this water is taken orally for the treatment of measles in DistrictsSajawaland Nawabshah (Sindh).

Vitiligo

Peel of M. acuminate fruit is burned and mixed in oil of Brassicacompestris(Mustard) to form paste, this paste is applied for the treatment of vitiligoin District Sukkur (Sindh).

Ringworm

Peel of M. acuminate fruit is burned and applied on affected areas for the treatment of ringworm in District Sukkur (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents:

The main chemical constituent of banana fruit is anti cyaniding delphinidin 1, fruit pulp contains  catechin, gallocatechin, and epicatechin. Tannins, carbendazim, thiabendazole and thiophanate-methyl were also extracted from the extracts of M. acuminate2.

Chemical Structure:

Musa acuminate L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies,

Fruit of banana has various customary medicinal uses for instance dysentery, diarrhea, antibiotic, anti- fungal and gut disorders. Plant and fruit is used for the treatment of dysentery, bronchitis and ulcer problems. The flowers can also be cooked and given to patients with diabetes. The plant juice can be given to people with hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy hemorrhages, and fevers. The paste of the cooked flowers can also be applied on the hemorrhoids, insects and stings of other animals. Leaves can be placed on burns and other skins afflictions, leaves can be burnt into ashes are eaten to cure malignant ulcers 3-4.

REFERENCES

  1. Bennett, R. N., Shiga, T. M., Hassimotto, N. M., Rosa, E. A., Lajolo, F. M., &Cordenunsi, B. R. (2010). Phenolics and antioxidant properties of fruit pulp and cell wall fractions of postharvest banana (Musa acuminataJuss.) cultivars. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 58(13), 7991-8003.
  2. Veneziano, A., Vacca, G., Arana, S., De Simone, F., &Rastrelli, L. (2004). Determination of carbendazim, thiabendazole and thiophanate-methyl in banana (Musa acuminata) samples imported to Italy. Food chemistry, 87(3), 383-386.
  3. http://eol.org/pages/1116073/details
  4. Kumar, K. S., &Bhowmik, D. (2012). Traditional and medicinal uses of banana. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry1(3).