Mucuna Cochichinenis L.

Mucuna Cochichinenis L.

Botanical Name:            Mucuna Cochichinenis L.Mucuna Cochichinenis L.

Kingdom:                        Plantae

Order:                             Fabales

Family:                           Fabaceae

Genus:                           Mucuna

Species:                                         M. Cochichinenis

Local Name:                   kaonch, Kamachah, jaloni buti

English Name:                Velvet bean

Sindhi Name                    Tohar                                                                          

Parts Used:                     Seeds

 

Description

M. Cochichinenis is an annual twining herb. Flowers are white or pale purple in color. Pods are glabrescent and drowny when young while wrinkled when ripe. Seeds are oval, smooth and ash colored.1

 

Occurrence

 It is widely cultivated in Kashmir, India, Sikkim, Burma, Indochina, Indonesia, Philippines.2

 

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Ring worm

A mixture of milk of M. Cochichinenis and kerwa oil is used for the treatment of ringworm infection in District Shikarpur (Sindh).

 

Constituents

L-DOPA is the principle constituent of M. Cochichinenis. It also contains glutathione, gallic acid and betasitosterol, mucunine, mucunadine, prurienine, and prurieninine. Leaves contain 6-methoxyharman. Seeds contain oils including palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids. It also contains serotonin (5-hydorxy tryptamine, 5-HT), 5-hydorxy tryptophane (5-HTP), nicotine, N, N-dimethyl tryptamine (DMT), bufotenine.3,4

 

Chemical Structures

Mucuna-Cochichinenis-L..st_

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/ Scientific Studies

Root of M. Cochichinenis is used for the treatment of nervous disorders. Seeds contain L-DOPA, which is used for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.3 It is reported that seeds are given in powder or in decoction for the treatment of leucorrhea, and spermatorrhea.4 Leaves are used for the treatment of ulcer, and inflammation.5  Infusion of the pods is used for the treatment of dropsy. Hairs of the pods are used for the treatment of threadworms.4 The plant and its extracts are used for the treatment of snakebites.6  It is reported that M. Cochichinenis possesses antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-venom, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and hypoglycemic properties.3,5

 

References

  1. Pullaih T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”. Publisher, Regency Publications New Delhi, India.3 p:
  2. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=121278.
  3. Kumar P., Saha S. (2013). “An updated review on Taxonomy, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Toxicology of Mucuna pruriens”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2(1).p: 306-314.
  4. http://www.mdidea.com/products/proper/proper05003.html.
  5. Kavitha C., Thangamani C. (2014). “Amazing Bean “Mucuna pruriens”: A Comprehensive Review”. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research.8 (2), p: 138-143.
  6. http://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/289979-Mucuna-cochinchinensis#Uses.