Mentha pepperita L.
Botanical name: Mentha pipperita L.
Species: M. pipperita
English Name: Peppermint, Mint
Sindhi Name: Phudno
Local Name: Podina
Parts Used: Leaves
M. pipperita is a perennial and erect herb. Leaves are oblong, ovate, and green in color. Flowers are violet in false spikes. Fruits are not seen.1
M. pipperita is cultivated in India, China, Europe, America, Australia, South Africa, and Pakistan.2
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Mixture of M. pipperita, jawahar*, camphor, and sat surka* is applied on the affected area for the treatment of ringworm infections in District Ghotki (Sindh).
M. pipperita contains menthol, menthone, limonene, cineol, menthofuran, and menthyl acetate. It also contains monoterpenes like pinene, terpinene, myrcene, β-caryophyllene, piperitone, piperitenone, and piperitone oxide. Flavonoids like luteolin and its 7-glucoside (cynaroside) are also reported.2
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/Scientific Studies
Leaves of M. pipperita are used for the treatment of nausea, motion sickness, and vomiting. Essential oil from the plant possessed local anaesthic and antiseptic properties.3,4 It is reported that M. pipperita is given with sugar or in the form of tablet and lozenges. Plant is also used for the treatment of rheumatism, neuralgia, congestive headache, and toothache.1 Many studies reported that M. pipperita possessed antifungal, antimicrobial, antitumor, and antiallergy properties. 1,5
- Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”, 3, p: 1335, Regency Publications, New Delhi, India.
- Shah, P. P., and Mello, P. M. D. (2004). “A Review of Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological Effects of Mentha piperita”. Natural Product Radiance. 3(4).p:214-221.
- Baquar, S. R. (1989). “Medicinal and Poisonous Plant of Pakistan”, p: 283, Printas Karachi, Pakistan, First Edition.
- Joshi, S. G. (2000). “Medicinal Plants”, p: 226, Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India.
- McKay, D. L., and Blumberg, J. B. (2006). “Review of the Bioactivity and Potential Health Benefits of Peppermint tea (Mentha piperita )”.Phytotherapy Research. 20, p: 619-633.