Mangifera indica L

Mangifera indica L

Botanical Name:        Mangifera indica LMangifera indica L 

Synonym:

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                            Sapindales

Family:                          Anacardiaceae

Genus:                           Mangifera

Local Name:               Aam

Sindhi Name:             Amby

English Name:           Mango

Part Used:                   Bark, Roots, Leaves, Fruits, Flowers, Stone1

Description

Mangifera Indica, an evergreen tree, has height of 10-45 m.  Leaves are arranged spirally on branches, lanceolate – elliptical and pointed at ends. Inflorescence occurs in panicles consisting of small yellowish – green flowers. The fruit is indehiscent and shows variation in shape and size. It has single seed, thick yellow pulp, and thick yellowish skin. Seed is solitary, oblong or ovoid, enclosed in a hard fibrous endocarp1.

Occurrence

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is native to southeastern Asia, this plant had been cultivated for centuries before distribution to other parts of the tropical world2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Scabies:

  1. Leaves of Mangifera indica L.(Mango)are burnedand ashes are mixed withoil of Brassica compestris L.(Mustard)to make paste, this paste is bandaged on affected area for the treatment of scabies in the District Umerkot (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of fungal infections in District Badin (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of M. indica and Azadirachta indica (Neem) are ground to form paste and applied for the treatment of scabies, abscess, pyoderma, and vitiligo in District Sanghar (Sindh).

Woundand Hnad Burn

  1. Leaves of M. indicaare burnt to ashes and fill in affected area for the treatment of wounds in Districts Sanghar and Umerkot (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of hand burn in Districts Naushahroferoz andMitiari (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of M. indica are burnt to ashes and mixed in sweet oil, this mixture is sieved and applied for the treatment of wounds in District Sanghar (Sindh).
  3. Dried leaves of M. indica are mixed inoil, this mixture is applied for the treatment of wounds in District Sanghar (Sindh).

Ringworm and Pyoderma

  1. Leaves of M. indica are burned and ashes are mixed withoil Brassica compestris L. (Mustard) to make paste and applied topically on the infected area for the treatment of ringworm in Districts Umerkot and Jamshoro (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of pyoderma in Districts Sanghar, Umerkot, and Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh) and for the treatment of fungal infections in Districts Mirpurkhas, Nawabshah, Thatta, Larkana, Matiari, and Karachi (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of M. indicaare fried in oil of Brassica compestris (Mustard) these leaves are tied on affected area for the treatment of ringworm in the District Umerkot (Sindh).

Pyoderma

  1. Leaves of M. indica are burned and mixed in oil of Brassica compestris (Mustard) to form paste and applied for the treatment of pyoderma in District Sanghar (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of M. indica are burned and extract is applied for the treatment of pyoderma in District Sanghar (Sindh).

Boils and Prickly heat

Leaves of M. indica are burned and ashes are mixed with oilto make paste and applied topically on the infected area for the treatment of prickly heat in District Nawabshah (Sindh). This remedy is also used for the treatment of boils in Districts Nawabshah, Sajawal, and Badin (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Mangifera indica contain mangiferin (xanthone glycoside) as major chemical constituent, isomangiferin, polyphenolics, flavonoids, triterpenoids, tannins, gallic acid derivatives etc. Bark contains protocatechic acid, alanine, catechin, glycine,, γ-aminobutyric acid, kinic acid, 3 indicoside A and B, mangoleanone, manghopanal, mangsterol, friedelin, mangocoumarin, manglupenone, n-tetacosane, n-heneicosane4. Flower contains alkyl gallates 5, root has chromones, leaf contains essential oils, fruit pulp has vitamins and xanthophylls as main constituents6.

Chemical Structure:

Mangifera indica L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Various parts of Mangifera indica are used for the treatment of diarrhea, anaemia, asthma, cough, hypertension, insomnia, leucorrhoea, toothache, rheumatism, haemorrhage and piles. Plant parts also used as antiseptic, diaphoretic, astringent, stomachic, tonic, diuretic and laxative agents. Juice of mango is used for curing heat stroke. Seeds are used for the treatment of asthma and astringent. The gum is used for curing scabies. In addition to this, M. indica has several biological activities such as anti-microbial anthelmintic, anticancer, antipyretic, immunomodulation, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory properties7.

References:

  1. Shah, A.,  Patel, M. B.  Patel, R. J. and Parmar, P. K., (2010), Mangifera Indica(Mango), Pharmacogn Rev. 4(7): 42–48.
  2. Ramos, E. H., Moraes, M. M., Nerys, L. L. D. A., Nascimento, S. C., Militão, G. C., de Figueiredo, R. C., Câmara, C.A.G.da., & Silva, T. G. (2014). Chemical Composition, Leishmanicidal and Cytotoxic Activities of the Essential Oils from Mangifera indica L. var. Rosa and Espada. BioMed research international, 9 pages.
  3. Scartezzini, P., & Speroni, E. (2000). Review on some plants of Indian traditional medicine with antioxidant activity. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 71(1), 23-43.
  4. Khan, M. N. I., Nizami, S. S., Khan, M. A., & Ahmed, Z. (1993). New saponins from Mangifera indica. Journal of natural products, 56(5), 767-770.
  5. Khan, M. A., & Khan, M. N. I. (1989). Alkyl gallates of flowers of Mangifera Indica. Fitoterapia, 60, 284.
  1. Ross, I.A. (1999). Medicinal plants of the world. Vol. 1, New Jersey Totowa: Human Press, p. 199-200.
  1. Parvez, G. M. (2016). Pharmacological Activities of Mango (Mangifera Indica): A Review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 5(3), 01-07.