Hordeum vulgare L.

Hordeum vulgare L.

Botanical Name:           Hordeum vulgare L.wildHordeum vulgare L.wild

Kingdom:                         Plantae

Order:                                Poales

Family:                              Poaceae

Genus:                               Hordium

Local Name:                   Barley

Part Used:                       Seed

Sindhi Name:                 Jao

 

Description

Hordeum vulgare L. is annual. Culms are erect, tall, and glabrous. Leaf sheath is glabrous. Spike are hexastichous and dense. Spikelets are fertile and similar. Glumes are linear-lanceolate at base1.

Occurrence

H. vulgare is distributed to Pakistan, Germany, France, Canada and Australia. The cultivation is fairly spread across many countries .In Pakistan it is cultivated in the villages of globally temperate region2.

Ethanmedicinal uses in Skin Disease

Eczema

GroundLeaves of Hordeum vulgareL. (Barley) to form paste and applied for the treatment of eczema in District Thatta (Sindh).

Wounds

Ground H. vulgare with Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat), Carum copticum L. (Bishops weed), and mixed with water to form paste, this paste is applied for the treatment of wounds in District Shikarpur (Sindh).

Acne

  1. Ground H. vulgare with water to form paste and applied on face for the treatment of acne in Districts Jamshoro, Badin, and Nawabshah (Sindh).
  2. Ground seeds of H. vulgare with water to form paste and applied on face for the treatment of acne in District Kashmore (Sindh).
  3. Ground H. vulgare with Cicer arientum L. (Gram seeds), Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) and mixed with water to form paste, this paste is applied topically on affcetd area for the treatment of acne and boils in District Jamshoro (Sindh).
  4. Flour H. vulgare is mixed in oil to form paste and applied on affected area daily for 15-30 days for the treatment of acne in District Kamber-shdadkot (Sindh).

Pigmentation

Flour H. vulgare is mixed with water to form paste and applied on affected area for the treatment of pigmentation in District Kambar-shdadkot (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

H. vulgare contain gramine, hordenine, ferulic acid, gentisic acid, 5-hydroxyferulic acid, salicylic acid, sinapic acid, syringic acid, apiginen, lutonarin, saponarin, heterodendrin, epidermin, sutherlandin, osmaronin, putresceine, spermidine, spermine, and hordatine A and B3.

Chemical Structure:

 Hordeum vulgare L.wild.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

H. vulgare reduced blood glucose level4. In Egypt tradition, ground barley mixed with oil acts as purgative and also applied on wound. It is used for removing phlegm and for the treatment of eye diseases5. H. vulgare is reported for hypolipidemic, antidiabetic, antiulcer, and antioxidative activities6.

REFERENCES

  1. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200025543
  2. Otto, I., Müller, A. and Kumlehn, J. (2015). Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Transformation  using Embryogenic Pollen Cultures. Agrobacterium Protocols, 1, 85-99.
  1. http://www.ars.usda.gov/sp2UserFiles/Place/50701000/cswq-0424-kremer.pdf
  1. Nilsson, A. C., Östman, E. M., Granfeldt, Y. and Björck, I. M. (2008). Effect of cereal test     breakfasts differing in glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates on daylong     glucose tolerance in healthy subjects. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(3), 645-654.
  2. Newman, C. W., and Newman, R. K. (2006). A brief history of barley foods. Cereal Foods World, 51(1), 4-7.
  3. Yamaura, K., Tanaka, R., Bi, Y., Fukata, H., Oishi, N., Sato, H., … Ueno, K. (2015). Protective effect of young green barley leaf (Hordeum vulgare L.) on restraint stress-induced decrease in hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor in mice. Pharmacognosy Magazine, 11(Suppl 1), S86–S92. http://doi.org/10.4103/0973-1296.157702