Gossypium hirsutum L.

Gossypium hirsutum L.

Botanical Name:         Gossypium hirsutum L.Gossypium hirsutum L.

Kingdom:                     Plantae

Order:                           Malvales

Genus:                          Malvacea

Local Name:              Kappas

English Name:          Cotton

Sindhi Name:            Kappah

Part Used:                  Flower


Gossypiumhirsutum L. is an erect and annual herb. Leaves are long, broad, and lobed. Flowers are solitary and axillary. Capsule is broad, ovoid, and 3-5 celled. Seeds are ovoid-shaped and white linted. Lint is firmly attached1.


G. hirsutumis distributed to America and other tropical countries of the World. In Pakistan, it is widely cultivated1.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases


Ashes of Gossypium arboreum L. (Cotton) and antimony are mixed and applied topically on affected area, till the recovery from alopecia the District Shikarpur (Sindh).


G. arboreum is used as a bandage for the treatment of ringworm in the District Khairpur (Sindh).

 Pus infection:

Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) is mixed in oil, and applied topically on affected area and G. arboreum (Cotton) is use as a swab used for the cleaning of infection in the District Tharparker (sindh)


  1. Ashes of G. arboreum are mixed in oil and applied on affected area for healing of wound 2 to 3 times a day in the District Kashmore (Sindh).
  2. G. arboreum (Cotton) leaves are ground to make a paste and this paste is applied on wound for healing in the District Tandoallahyar (Sindh).


  1. arboreum are tied with clarified butter on affected area for the treatment of abscess District Tando Allahyar (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

G. hirsutum contain sugars, wax, pectin, and soluble salts. Gossypol is a major component of this plant2,3. It also contain vitamin A, D, E, and B-complex, gossypupurin, gossyfulvin, gossycaerulin, lactic acid, choline, and betaine4.

Chemical Structure:

Gossypium hirsutum L.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Leaves juice of G. hirsutum is used against diarrhea. Leave powder is applied o wound for controlling bleeding. Seed decoction and leave juice is recommended in dysentery. Poultice of seeds is applied on wounds and scalds. Root bark mixed with other herb and taken orally with water for inducing abortion. Root acts as an emmenagogue in dysmenorrhea. Root decoction and leaves juice is taken orally for placenta retention. Plant is also effectively used in cough, asthma, and sexual weakness4.

G. hirsutum is reported for anticancer, antifertility, antidepressant, galactagogue, diuretic, antibacterial, antioxidant, wound healing, antitrypanosomal, hepatopreotective, antimalarial, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial, antivirus, and antiulcer activities4.


  1. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200013695
  2. Gamble, G. R. (2003). Variation in surface chemical constituents of cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) fiber as a function of maturity. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 51(27), 7995-7998.
  3. Scheffler, J. A., and Romano, G. B. (2008). Modifying gossypol in cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum): a cost effective Method for small seed samples. Journal of Cotton Science, 12, 202-209.
  4. http://jpsionline.com/admin/php/uploads/116_pdf.pdf