Folk Knowledge of Sindh

S.# Botanical Name Common Name Sindhi Name Family Parts Used Medicinal uses
1 Acacia catechu L. Heartwood Katha Fabaceae Leaves and pods Heals wounds
2 Acacia concinna L. Shikakai Sika kai Fabaceae Fruit Hair fall, alopecia
3 Acacia erioloba E. Meyer Camel thorn Jawasi Fabaceae

 

Seeds, pods and leaves Scabies and infections
4 Acacia jacquemontii Benth. Brigalow Boori Fabaceae Leaves, roots, flowers, pods and seeds  

Ringworm, pyoderma, scabies

5 Acacia nilotica. L. wild Gum arabica Babar Fabaceae

 

Leaves and Bark Tinea versicolor and scabies
6 Achillea millefolium L. Yarrow Gomandar Asteraceae Leaves, flowers, and bark Eczema/ Contact dermatitis
7 Aerva javanica Burm. f Juss. Pillow weed Bhooh Amaranthaceae

 

Leaves Wound infection.
8 Agrimonia eupatoria L. Gul gafas Gafas jo gul Rosaceae Leaves and bark Scabies and infections
9 Alhagi camellia L. Lavender Jabl booti Theaceae Leaves Otitis externa
10 Alhagi maurum Medic Persian Manna plant Kandairo Fabaceae

 

Pods Scabies
11 Allium sativum L. Garlic Thoom Alliaceae Bulbs Impetigo, athlete’s foot, itching,scalp ringworm, and vitiligo
12  Allium cepa L. Onion Basar Amaryllidaceae Bulbs Scabies, ringworm, wound, onychomycosis, snake bite, pimple, abscess, alopecia.
13 Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Aloe vera Ghee Kunwar Liliaceae Leaves and its gel Acne,pimple,sunburn,wound
14 Amomum subulatum Roxb. Black cardamomum Wado photo Zingiberaceae Seeds Measles
15 Anewthum sowa Roxb. Dill Sowa Apiaceae / Umbellifarae Leaves and seeds Measles
16 Apium graveolens Mill. Celery Ajmod Apiacea Pods, leaves, fruit Scabies and wound
17 Artemesisia scoporia Waldst Red Stem, Worm wood Kikar Asteraceae Stem and Leaves Ringworm and prickly heat
18 Argyreia speciosa L. Elephant creeper Samandar sok Convolvulaceae Leaves, roots, flowers, pods and seeds  

Scabies and ringworm

19 Arachis hypogaea L. Peanuts Moong phalli Fabaceae Fruits, pods, seeds Brown spots on face, acne, wrinkles, ringworm, ptyriasis alba and pimples
20 Azadirachta indica J. Juss. Velvet mesquite Neem Meliaceae

 

Bark, leaves, and seeds Scabies, infections, ringworm, heat rashes, hair fall, dandruff, deep lesions, and candida infections
21 Balasamodendron mukul Indian Bdellium Googar Burseraceae Plant Gum Wound infection
22 Berberis aristata Indian barberry Rasaut Berberidaceae Flowers and fruits Tinea capitis, measles, and ringworm
23 Berberis vulgaris L. European Barberry Rasaut Berberidaceae Stem and fruit Ringworm and alopecia
24 Brassica compestris L. Mustard Peeri sarhon Brassicacea Flowers, seeds, and pods Scabies, alopecia, hairfall, and Ringworm
25 Brassica rapa L. Mustard Sarsoon Brassicaceae Seeds oil Scabies, dandruff, otitis externa, ringworm
26 Butea frondosa Koen. Roxb. Flame of the Forest Kamarkas Fabaceae Leaves and resins Boils and abscess
27 Butea monosperma Lam. Butea gum Palash Fabaceae Leaves Insect bites and wounds
28 Calotropis porcera W. T. Aiton Crown Flower Aak Akada Apocynaceae Leaves, flowers and Bark Ringworm, wound, tinea versicolor, prickly heat, otitis externa
29 Camellia sinensis (L.). Kuntze Black Tea Chaanh Theaceae Leaves Measles and otitis externa
30 Capsicum annum L. Red chillies Garha Mirch Solanaceae Fruit Dog bite
31 Carissa carandas L. Karanda Kotak Apocynaceae Fruit berries Scabies, Pyoderma
32 Carum copticum L. Bishops weed Ajwaan Apiaceae

 

Seeds Alopecia, ringworm skin infections
33 Cassia angustifolia Mill. Cassia senna Sanna Fabaceae Leaves, pods, flowers Acne. Ringworm, Pigmentation
34 Cassia fistula L. Golden shower Chimkini Fabaceae Stem,friut,

seeds

Athlete’s foot, deep lesions
35 Centratherum anthelminticum L. Iron weed Kari jeeri Asteraceae Herb Measles and skin infections
36 Chenopodium album L. Bathua Saag Chenopodiaceae Leaves Ringworm and pimples
37 Cheiranthus incanus L. Brampton stock Achi toori Brassicaceae Fruit and seeds Ringworm
38 Chorchorus depressus L. Quercus Margarettiae Mundairi Malvaceae Leaves and seeds Skin infections
39 Cicer arientum L. Gram seeds Chana Fabaceae seeds Brown spots on face
40 Cichorium intybus L. Chicory Kasni Asteraceae Whole plant Vitiligo
41 Cinnamomum camphora L. Camphor Kaphoor ji tikki Lauraceae Leaves and fruit Fungal infections and wounds
42 Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon Long Lauraceae Fruits and pods Measles, Pyoderma
43 Citrulus colocynthis (L.) Schard Bitter apple Indrayan, trooh Cucurbitaceae Fruits Scabies, pustules, otitis externa, psoriasis, pimple
44 Citrus sinensis L. Orange Kinnoo Rutaceae Fruit pulp and peel Athletes foot, brown spots on face, acne
45 Citrus limonum R. Lemon Leemoon Rutaceae Fruit Wrinkles, ringworm, ptyriasis alba, pimples, heat rashes, leprosy, and alopecia
46 Clerodendrum serratum L. Bleeding heart Bhangri Lamiaceae Leaves and roots Fungal infections and alopecia
47 Cocus nucifera L. Coconut khopra Arecaceae Fruit Scabies, pimples, acne, measles, chicken pox, alopecia
48 Colligonum polygonoides L. Phog Phog Polygonacea Roots Prickly heat
49 Corchorus capsularis L.

 

White jute Nori Malvaceae Fibers and leaves Alopecia ariata
50 Crocus sativus L. Saffron Zafran Iridaceae Seeds and pods Acne and pimples
51 Cuminum cyminum L. Cumin seeds Achho jeero Apiaceae Seeds Candida infections
52 Cucumis sativus L. Cucumber Kheero Cucurbitaceae Fruit Boils, tnea pedis
53 Curcuma caesia L. Black turmeric Nar kachoor Zingiberaceae Hair follicle, pyoderma
54 Curcuma longa L. Turmeric Hait Zingiberaceae Fruit Wound, heat rashes,
55 Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Devil’s hair, Gold thread Akash bail Convolvulaceae Roots Injury, wound infections
56 Cucumis melon L. Musk melon Chibbar Cucurbitaceae. Stem Measles, chicken pox
57 Cyamposis tetragonoloba L. Cluster bean Gawar Fabaceae Rhizome bark gum Wound infections
58 Datura stromonium  L. Datura Datooro Solanaceae Leaves Skin eruptions
59 Delphinium zalil Aitch. Zalil Larkspur Gul gafas Ranunculaceae Leaves, roots, and seeds Scabies and eczema
60 Eclipta prostrate L. False Daisy Khokro Asteraceae Leaves and Roots Dermatitis, eczema and snake bite
61 Elettaria cardamomum Maton. Cardamom Nando photo Zingiberaceae Seeds Itching,eczema
62 Emblica ribes  L. False Black pepper Baobrring Myrsinaceae Leaves Acne
63 Eugenia aromatica Bail Clove Loang Myrtaceae Fruit Fungal infections and wound
64 Fagonia arabica L. Cretan Prickly Dramaho Zygophyllaceae Leaves Acne,pimple,scabies,ringworm,prickly heat
65 Ferula foetida Ferula Hing patr Apiaceae Roots Itching and eczema
66 Ficus carica L. Figs Injeer Moraceae Friut Scabies and skin infections.
67 Ficus religiosa L. Pipal tree Pipal/ Filfil Moraceae Leaves and bark Scabies, ringworm, and pyoderma
68 Foeniculum vulgare  L. Saunf Fennel seeds Apiaceae Bark and seeds Eczema
69 Glycyrrhiza glabra L. Liquorice Mulethi Fabaceae Root bark, seeds, leaves Itching and eczema
70 Gossypium hirsutum L. Cotton Kappah Malvaceae Seeds and Flower Abscess, dog bite, wound
71 Helianthus annus C. Sunflower Sijmukhi jo Gul Asteraceae Flower and seeds Psoriasis, Sun burn, Healing Wounds
72 Hordeum vulgare L. Barley Jawar/ Jow Poaceae Grains pods Acne, pimples, and Eczema
73 Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Water Spinach Devi naro Convolvulaceae Leaves Acne, pimple
74 Kaempferia galanga L. Aromatic Ginger Kapoor kachri
Zingiberaceae
Rhizomes Hairfall
75 Laptadenia phyrotechnica Decne. Camel Thron Khip Apocynaceae Bark Scabies, ringworm, vitiligo
76 Lawsonia inermis L. Henna Mehndi Lythraceae Leaves Burns, hairfall, dandruff, alopecia, ezema, tinea capitis, heat rashes.
77 Lallemantia royleana Benth. Cool seeds Nazboo Labiata Seeds and leaves Ringworm, eczema, onychomychosis
78 Lepidium sativum Garden cress Aryaa Brassicaceae Seeds Fungal infections
79 Linum usitatissimum L. Flax seeds Alsi Linaceae Seeds Pyoderma
80 Luffa acutangula L. Dish cloth Turi Cucurbitaceae Fruit and leaves Ringworm
81 Launaea procumbens L. Creeping Launea Bathar Asteraceae Leaves Acne
82 Mangifera indica L. Mango Aam Anacardiaceae Fruit and Leaves Boils, acne, pimple and itching
83 Mentha pipperita L. Peppermint Phudina Lamiaceae Leaves Scabies and eczema
84 Melia azedarach L. White cedar Gul neem Meliaceae Bark, roots, leaves Scabies and fungal infections
85 Mucuna cochichinenis (Lour) A. Tohar Valvet Bean Fabaceae Bark Scabies
86 Musa acuminate L. Banana Kaila Musaceae Fruit Measles
87 Myristica fragrans Houtt.. Nutmeg Jafar Myristicacea Leaves Measles
88 Myrtus communis Myrtle Haboolas ja pan Myrtacea Leaves, fruit, and seeds Tinea capitis, tinea unguium
89 Nicotiana rustica L. Tobacco Tambaku Solanaceae Leaves Acne, eczema
90 Olea europaea L. Olive Zaitoon Oleaceae Fruit Eczema
91 Origanum vulgare L. Oregano Sathar Labiateae Leaves Candida Infections
92 Oryza sativa L. Rice Chawal Poeceae Grains Pimple, vitiligo, ringworm
93 Papaver somniferum L. Opium poppy seeds Khaskhas Papaveraceae

 

Seeds Scabies
94 Peganum harmala L. Harmal Harmalo Zygophyllaceae Bark Otitis externa
95 Phasaleus lunatus L. Butter Bean Lobia/Waaval Fabaceae Beans Itching, inflammations
96 Plantago ovate Forsk. Desert Indian weat Ispanghar Plantaginaceae

 

Blossom Pustules, itching, wound, pyoderma, boils
97 Piper betel L. Betle leave Paan Piperaceae Leaves Scabies
98 Piper nigrum L. Black pepper Kali mirch Piperaceae Fruit Scabies, snake bite, measles, ringworm
99 Phasaleous vulgaris L. Red beans Waowal Fabaceae Seeds Inflamations and wounds
100 Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene Frog fruit, Turkey tangle Bukkan,Jal nim Verbenaceae Herb and Leaves Acne,scabies
101 Prunus amygdalu C. Almomd Badam Rosaceae Fruit Brown spots on face
102 Phyllanthus emblica L. Gooseberry Amla Phyllanthaceae Fruit Alopecia
103 Prosopis glandulosa Torr. Holy Basil Devi plant Lamiaceae Branches and leaves Abscess, ringworm, scabies
104 Punica granatum L. Pomegranate Darhoon Lythraceae Fruit peel Onychomycosis, brown spots on face
105 Raphanus sativus L. Raddish Moori Brassicaceae Leaves Wound, scabies
106 Rheum emodi L. Rhubarb Revand chini Polygonaceae Bark Wound and skin eruptions.
107 Red ochre Ochre Gairoo Skin lesions
108 Ricinus communis L. Castor oil plant Haran Euphorbiaceae Seeds and Leaves Tinea unguium and onychomycosis
109 Rosa damascene L. Chinese Rose Gulab ji phulriyon Rosaceae Flowers Acne, pimples, wrinkles, Dark spots
110 Rosa indica L. Rose Gulab Rosaceae Flower Acne, Vitiligo and Tinea Pedis
111 Santalum album L. Sandal wood Sandar Santalaceae Stem Snake bite, Burn, Wound
112 Salvadora persica Decne. Tooth brush leaves Miswak Salvadoraceae Bark Ringworm and tinea capitits
113 Salvadora oleiods Decne. Salvadora Jar, peelu Salvadoraceae Stem Wound and dog bite
114 Saccharum officinarum L. Sugar cane/Table sugar Khandr Poaceae Stem Burn, measles, wound,tinea versicolor
115 Semecarpus anacardium L. f. Marking nut Bhilawo Anancardiaceae Fruit and seeds Snake bite, itching, burn, rashes, and acne
116 Senna italic Mill. Senegal senna Dadhwal Fabaceae Leaves Fungal infections
117 Solanum surattense Burm. f Wild eggs plant Aderi Solanaceae Branches, Fruits and seeds Measles, candida infections, scabies
118 Sapindus trifoliatus L. Soap barries Retha Sapindaceae Fruits Psoriasis, eczema
119 Sesanum indicum L. Sesame seeds Til Pedaliaceae Seeds Ringworm
120 Solanum lycopersicum L. Tomato Tamato Solanaceae Fruit Sun Burn
121 Solanum melongena L. Brinjal bengan Solanaceae Fruit Wrinkles and pimples
122 Solanum nigrum L. Black nightshade Mako Solanaceae Fruit, leaves, and seeds Wounds and inflammation
123 Strychnos nux-vomica L. Poison nut Kuchla Loganiacea Seeds Vitiligo
124 Sueda fruticosa L. Shrubby seablite Larn Amaranthaceae Leaves and bark Vitiligo
125 Syzgium cumini L. Black pulm Jamoon Myrtaceae Leaves Boils, wound, scabies
126 Trachyspermum ammi L. Carom seeds Jarn Apiaceae Seeds Ringworm, prickly heat
127 Trigonella foenum graecum L. Fenugreek Methi dano Fabaceae Herb and leaves Fungal infections and wounds
128 Terminalia bellirica L. Beleric or bastard myrobalan Harir Combretaceae Herb Vitiligo
129 Terminalia chebula Retz. Chebulic myrobalan Harr siyah Combritaceae Fruit Measles, pyoderma, scabies, ringworm, eczema
130 Triticum aestivum L. Wheat Karank Poaceae Grains Otitis externa, boils,   acne,wound, abscess
131 Tamarindus indica L. Tamarind Imli Leguminosae Fruit Insect Bite
132 Tamarix aphylla (L.) Athel pine Lai Tamaricaceae Branches,Leaves Vitiligo
133 Valeriana hardwickii L. Valerian Balcharr

 

Valerianaceae

Roots Chronic skin infections
134 Viola odorata L. Sweet violet Gul Banafsha Violaceae Leaves,Flowers and roots Wound, eczema
135 Vigna radiata L. Moong Beans Moong ki Daal Fabaceae Grains Acne
136 Vitex nigundu L. Five-leaved chaste tree Sambhalo jo bij Lamiaceae Root and leaves Ringworm, eczema, scabies, abscess
137 Withania coagulans Dunal. Cheese Paneer Solanaceae Leaves Scabies, prickly heat
138 Woodfordia fruticosa L.

 

Fire flame bush Gul dhawa Lythraceae Flower, fruits and seeds  

Eczema, dermatitis

139 Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Ginger Adrak Zingiberaceae Stem Ringworm, tinea pedis, alopecia and infections
140 Ziziphus numularia L. Chinese apple Bairr Rhamnaceae Fruit Eczema