Flora of Sindh

Untitled-188 (1) Flora of Sindh

  • Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous native plant life. Plants are grouped into floras based on region, period, special environment, or climate. Sindh has arid or semi-arid climate, through its coastal and riverine forests. There are fresh water lakes, mountains, and desert but in the irrigated Indus valley there is vegetation.


  • Bushy growth is found in the arid plain and sand dunes. Rise and fall in the quantity of salt in soil changes their characteristics .Salvadoran persica (Miswaak), leafless caper, tamarisk etc grow if the salt quantity is high. Khabar are flora of pure sand.
  • Plants grow along the bank of Indus includes: babul, lai, jhao, and giant grasses.
  • Hilly and rocky region plants are mert, dharma, khatri, and tukhamran etc
  • Wild and cultivated plants found near the villages include: neem, amaltas ,jamun, aam, ber , pipal etc
  • Mangroves plants are: timar, kirari etc.
  • The province is mostly arid with scant vegetation except for the irrigated Indus Valley. The dwarf palm, Acacia rupestris (Kher), and Tecomella undulata (Lohirro) trees are typical of the western hill region. In the Indus valley, theAcacia nilotica (Kikar) is the most dominant and occurs in thick forests along the Indus banks. Azadirachta indica (Margose), Zizyphyus vulgaris (bir) (ber), Tamarix orientalis (Jujuba lai) and Capparis aphylla (Kirir) are among the more common trees.
  • Mangifera indica (Mango), Phoenix dactylifera (Date palm), Musa acuminate (Banana), Guava, Citrus sinensis (Orange), and chiku are the typical fruit-bearing trees. Water lilies grow in abundance in the numerous lake and ponds, particularly in the lower Sindh region.