Fagonia arabica

Fagonia arabica L.

Classification:

Botonical Name:  Fagonia arabica L.

Synonym:           Fagonia cretica L.Fagonia-arabica-L.

Kingdom:            Plantae

Order:                 Zygophyllales

Family:                Zygphullaceae

Genus:                Fagonia

Sindhi Name:       Daramaho

Local Name:         Dhamasa

English Name:      Cretan prickly clover

Parts used:            Flowers and leaves

Description:

Fagonia arabica L. is small shrub with stiff branches, often more or less prostrate with slender, teriete, striate, glabrous and glandular twigs.  Leaves are opposite, 1-3 foliate, about 12 2.5 mm, entire linear or elliptic and mucronate. Petiole is very variable, 3 mm long. Flowers are solitary rose-coloured and are borne on 5-12 m long penduncles. Sepals are arises from between the stipules 5 deciduous, imbricate and half as long as the petals. Petals are 6mm long. Spathulate with masked claw.  Stamens are 10, inserted on the disc. Filaments are filiform and naked. Ovary is hairy sersile. Its 5-angled and 5-celled, fapering into 5-angled style. Fruits are 5 mm long of fine seeded cocci and are glandular-pubescent and deeply 5-particle. 1

Occurrence:

Fagonia arabica is present in Arabian countries, asian countries (Pakistan, Afghanistan and India) and in some places in Africa include Egypt.

Ethno medicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Leaves of Fagonia arabica are boiled and drinked for the treatment of acne and pimples. Fagonia arabica  is boiled and applied for complete recovery of scabies, and ringworm Above mentioned the remedies applied in Districts Ghotki, Sukkur, and Tharparkar.

Constitutes:

Fagonia arabica contains carbohydrates or glycosides, sterols, triterpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, a-Sulphat-b-chlorides, anthraquinones, cyanogeni, and coumarins are either weak or in lesser amount and, saponins, tannins, cardiac glycosides, irodoids are present in hiyh amount. When Fagonia arabica whole plant was tested it, showed presence of crude protein, fat, and crude fibers. The plant powder contains ash content, moisture content, and vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) content. Species of F. arabica, are 23, 28–di-o-beta–dglucopyranosyl–taraxer—20-en-28-oicacid, quercetin & kaempferol are identified from leaves & flowers. Docosyl docosanoate, ceryl alcohol, β- setostirol & n-tricontanol chenovic acid were identified from hydrolsed plant extract.2-4

Chemical Structure:

Fagonia-arabica-L.-st

Fagonia-arabica-L.-st.2

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific Studies:

Fagonia arabica is very usful in fever and skin diseases.5 The juice of Fagonia Arabica is applied to open wounds on any part of the body, and also to take bath for the patients suffering from itching.6-7 Leaves are very helpful in cases of abseesces from throns. Herb is also used as an antiseptic, expectorant, diuretic, astringent, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, and antiviral infection. Species of Fagoni arabica possess many important properties like anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, thrombolytic effects, and antioxidant activities.8-9

Reference:

  1. Joshi, M.C Hand book of india Medical Plants (2007), p. 390-009, pawan kumar scientific publisher 5.A new pali road,vadorona , Gujarat, India.
  2. Anil, D. (2006), Ayuervedic Drugs plants, p.117, 350, Daya publishing house 110.035 New Delhi India.
  3. Khare, C. P. (2007),  Indian Medicinal Plants, vol.1, p. 259,  Jhankpuri, New Dew Dehli, India.
  4. Anil, D. (2006), Ayuervedic Drugs plants, pg 118, 350, Daya publishing house 110.035 New Delhi India.
  5. http://www.theunknownpen.com/know-about-fagonia-arabica-dhammasa.
  6. Sharawy, S.M. & Alshammari, A.M. (2009). Checklist of poisonous plant and animal in ajamountains hilli Region, Soudi Arebia, Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 3(3), 2217-25.
  7. Shoeb, H. A., Sharadha, M. M. & Wakeel, E. (1994). Triterpenoids and sterol glycosides from Fagonia arabica Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3(5), 41-8.
  8. Das, R. & Kaushik, A. (2010). Synergistic activity of Fagonia arabica and Heteropneustes fossilis Extracts against myocardial, cerebral infarction, and embolism disorder in mice. Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences, 2(2), 100-104.
  9. Pareek, A., Batra, N. & Goyal, M. (2012). phytochemical and biological activity of Fagonia indica, International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 3 (6), 56.