Eugenia aromatic (L.) Baill.

Eugenia aromatic (L.) Baill.

Botanical Name:            Eugenia aromatic (L.) Baill.Eugenia aromatic L.

Synonym:                         Eugenia caryophyllata L.

Kingdom:                          Plantae

Order:                                Myrtales

Family:                              Myrtaceae

Genus:                                Eugenia

Sindhi Name:                  Loang

English Name:                Clove

Local Name:                    Loang

Part Used:                        Buds, leaves, and stem

Description:

Eugenia aromatic (L.) Baill. is a large shrub with smooth grey bark. Leaves are fragrant, paired, and lanceolate. Floral buds are green in color, and turn pinkish at maturity. Flowers are sessile in terminal, compound, and trichotomus cymes. Petals are calypirates. Fruits are fleshy and dark pink in color with a shiny coat2.

Occurrence:

E. aromatic is native to Malaysia and Maluccas island of Indonesia1,2. It also grows naturally in India, West Indies, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Brazil and Madagascar.4

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Scabies

Boil Eugenia aromatic (L.) Baill. (Cloves) and Allium sativum L. (Garlic) in some water. This water is used for washing the affected area for the treatment of scabies in District Jamshoro (Sindh).

Abscess

Ground leaves of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Neem) with E. aromatic to make paste and applied on affected twice in a day for the treatment of abscess in District Mirpurkhas (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

E.aromatic contains eugenol, acetyl eugenol, vanillin, tannic acid, β-caryophyllin, crude fibers, fixed oil, and resin.1, 2, 3 Clove also contains eugenin, triterpene acid, crategolic acid, kaempferol, rhamnetin, myricetin, eugenitin, and steroid glucosides4,5.

Chemical Structure:

Eugenia aromatic L.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific Studies:

E.aromatic is antiseptic, analgesic, carminative, and mind and body stimulant1.Cloves are added to heated mustard oil and then massaged over paralyzedbody.A teaspoonful of soonth, three pieces of cloves, ½teaspoonful of Trachyspermumammi L. are crushed, ground, and mixed with water to make a paste, and applied over the forehead for the treatment of headache. Cloves are applied for curing dental carries. One or two pieces are kept pressed between the teeth for relieve from dental pain. Powder of clove is employed with water after meals for reducingeosinophils in blood2.

E.aromatic exhibited anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antiemetic, analgesic, anxiolytic,antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, chemoprotective,antioxidant and insect repellentactivities3-7.

References:

  1. Shrivastava, A. K., (2006), Medicinal Plants, p. 11, APH Publishers, New Delhi, India.
  2. Dhiman, A. K. (2006), Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 236-237, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
  3. Khare, C. P. (2007), Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 636-637, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
  4. Bhowmik, D., Kumar, K. P. S., Yadav, A., Srivastava, S., Paswan, S., & Dutta, A. S. (2012). Recent Trends in Indian Traditional Herbs Syzygium aromaticum and its Health Benefits. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 1(1), 6–17.
  5. Singh, J., Baghotia, A., & Goel, S. P. (2012). Eugenia caryophyllata Thunberg (family Myrtaceae): a review. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Sciences, 3(4), 1469–1475.
  6. Shyamala, M. P., Venukumar, M. R., & Latha, M. S. (2003). Antioxidant Effect of Syzygium Aromaticum in Hyperlipidemic Rats Antioxidant Potential of the Syzygium aromaticum ( Gaertn .) Linn . ( Cloves ) in Rats Fed With High Fat Diet. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 35, 99–103.
  7. Milind, P., & Deepa, K. (2011). Clove: a champion spice. International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(1), 47–54.