Eclipta prostrata L.
Local Name: Bhringraj
English Name: False Daisy
Sindhi Name: Bhanri, Khokro
Part Used: Leaves and Roots
Eclipta prostrate L. is a long plant with a length of 90cm. Leaves are attached tothe plant base without stalk and tapering to a point at each end. Flowers are white in color, fixed in upper angle between leaf stalk1. Seeds are small, dry, and contain one sided fruit that are razing to the ground2.
E. prostrata is native to Asia. It is widely distributed throughout India, Brazil, China and Thailand.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
Seeds Eclipta prostrate L. (False daisy) are crushed and mixed with cloves of Allium sativum L. (Garlic) to make a paste. This paste is applied on the wound in District Ghotki (Sindh).
Leaves of E. prostrate, Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Margosa), Ziziphus numularia L. (Chinese apple), and Dalbergi sissoo Roxb. (Indian Rosewood) is ground, and mixed with Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) flour, Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) powder, salt, and Brassica compestris L. (Mustard) oil to form paste. This paste is heated and then applied on pustules in District Ghotki (Sindh).
E. prostrata contain alkaloids, triterpenoids, flavonoids, glycosides, and polyacetylenes. Dimethylwedelolactone and wedelolactone were two important constituents isolated from leaves3. Hetriacontanol and heptacosanol are found in roots4. p-Amyrin and phytosterol were reported in the aerial part of the plant. Seeds contain steroids and ecliptalbine. Whole plant constitute of resin, ecliptine, reducing sugar, nicotine, stigmasterol, saponins, and nicotine acid4.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
E. prostrate is an important tonic for liver,used against liver inflammation and liver injury. It also cures indigestion,respiratory infection, cough, urinary tract infection, and constipation. It is effective as hair tonic for preventing hair loss and for the hair growth. Leaves are used for curing eye infection due to presence of carotene5-6.
E. prostrata has been reported for antihyperlipedemic, analgesic, antidiabetic, and anticancer7-10.
- Nakatani K, and Kusanagi T, 1991. Effect of photoperiod and temperature on growth characteristics, especially heading of flower bud appearance of upland weeds. Weed Research (Tokyo), 36(1):74-81; 23ref.
- Zimdahi RL, Lubigan RT, Moody K, Mabbayad MO, 1989. Seeds and seedlings of weeds in south and southeast Asia. Manila, Philippines; International Rice Research Institute, 63 pp.
- Wagner H. et al. Coumestans as the main active principles of the liver drugs Ecliptaalba and WedeliaCalendulaceae.Planta Med 1986; 5: 370-74.
- Jadhav VM, Thorat RM, Kadam VJ, Salaskar KP. Chemical composition, pharmacological activities of Ecliptaalba. Journal of Pharmacy Research.2009; 2(8): 1129-1231.
- Dhandapani R.Hypolipidemicactivity of Eclipta prostrate (L.) L. leaf extract in atherogenic diet induced hyperlipidemic rats. 2007; 45: 671-19.
- Sawant M, Issac J C., Narayanan S, Analgesic studies on total alkaloids and alcoholic extracts of Ecliptaalba (Linn.) Phtotherapy Research, 2004; Vol 18 (2): 111-13.
- Hemalatha S, Ayyappan T, ShanmuganS,Nagavalli D, Shrivijayakirubha T. Evaluation of antidiabetic and diuretic activity of polyherbal formulation. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2006; 5(4): 468-70.
- NeerjaKaushik –Basu, Alain Bopdawaffo, TanajiTalele T, AmartyaBasu, Paulo Costa R R, Alcides da Silva J. M, Stefan Sarafianos G, Francois Noel. Identification and characterization of coumestans as novel HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors. 2008; 36(5): 1482-96.