Delphinium semibarbatum (D.zalil)

Delphinium semibarbatum (D.zalil)

Botanical Name:        Delphinium semibarbatum (D.zalil)Delphinium zalil A.

Synonyms:                  Delphinium semibarbatum Bien. ex Boiss.

Kingdom:                   Plantae

Order:                        Ranunculales

Family:                      Ranunculaceae

Genus:                      Delphinium

Local Name:             Asbarg, Daiphal, Ghafis, Gul Jalil

Species:                     D. zalil

Sindhi Name:            Gul gafas

English Name:          Zalil Larkspur

Parts Used:               Leaves, Flowers


D. zalil is a perennial herb. Stem is unbranched or branched and glabrous. Seeds are numerous, angular and of light brown color. Flowers are obvate, pubescent, and bright yellow in color. Fruits are glabrous having 3 follicles.1,2


D. zalil is native of Iran and Afghanistan.3 It is also found in India.2


Seeds of D. zalil contain norditerpenoid alkaloid, zaliline, anhweidelphinine, browniine, desacetylnudicauline, lycoctonine, methyllycaconitine, and nudicauline.4,5 Flowers and flowering stem contains isorhamnetin, quercetin, and kaempferol.3

Chemical Structures:

Delphinium zalil


Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/Scientific Studies

Pounded leaves of D. zalil are used for the treatment of boils and pimples. Ash of the plant is used for the treatment of wounds and various skin diseases.4,   It is also used for the treatment of jaundice, dropsy, and spleen enlargement.6 It is reported that the plant is used to remove gas from the digestive system and used to induce urination. It is also used for the treatment of varicose veins and hemorrhoids because of its ability to improve blood circulation.7. Flower possessed anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, demulcent, detersive, and diaphoretic properties. Flower extract possessed anodyne and diuretic properties.2   Plant is used for the treatment of nervous tensions, painful menstruation, insomnia, and palpitations.7


  1. Eisenman, S. W., Struwe, L., and Zaurov, D. E. (2012).“Medicinal Plants of Central Asia: Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan”, p: 90, Springer Science & Business Media.
  3. Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”, 1 p: 747, Regency Publications, New Delhi, India.
  4. Fang, S., and Benn, M. (1992). “Norditerpenoid Alkaloids from Seeds of Delphinium zalil”. Phytochemistry, 31(9). p: 3247-3250.
  5. Khare, C.P. (2007). “Indian Medicinal Plants”. , p: 208, Springer Science Publication, New York, U.S.A.