Datura Stramonium

Datura stramonium L.

Botanical name:         Datura starmonium

Kingdom:                     PlantaeDatura stramonium L.

Order:                         Salanales

Family:                       Solanaceae

Genus:                     Datura

Species:                    D.Starmonium

Local name:             Datoora

English Name:         Datura

Sindhi name:           Datooro

Parts Used:             Seeds, Flower, Root Bark, Leaves

 Description

D.Starmonium is an annual and erect shrub. Leaves are ovate and dull green in color. Flowers are white or violet in color. Fruit is capsulated and covered with sharp spines.1

Occurrence

D.Starmonium is distributed from tropical to warm temperature of the world. It is also cultivated in Southern India, Himachal Pradesh, U.P, and Kashmir.1 In Pakistan it is cultivated in Abbottabad, Swat, Murree, and Baluchistan provinces.2

 Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Abscess

A ground seed of D.Starmonium is applied topically on the affected area for the treatment of abscess in District Naushahro Feroz (Sindh).

Constituents

D.Starmonium contains two main alkaloids; hysoscyamine and scopolamine. Root contains hyoscine, tropine, pseudotropine, digigloyl esters of 3, 6-dihydroxytropane and 3, 6, 7 trihydroxytropane. The plant also contains protein albumin, tigloidin, aposcopolamine, and apoatropin.3,4

Chemical Structures: 

 

Datura stramonium L. st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/ Scientific Studies

The juice of D.Starmonium plant is used for the treatment of hair fall, hair loss and dandruff.5 Leaves are used for the treatment of Parkinsonism, boils, sores, and fish bites. Flower juice is used for the treatment of ear-ache.3 It is reported that the plant is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal problems, abscesses, arthritis, boils, headaches, hemorrhoids, rattlesnake bites, sprains, swellings, asthma, bronchitis and tumors.6 Plant is also used as a poultice in for the treatment of fistulas, abscesses wounds and severe neuralgia. It has been reported that the plant has anodyne, antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic, mydriatic and narcotic properties.7

References

  1. Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”. Publisher, Regency Publications New Delhi, India.2 p: 735.
  2. Baquar, S.R. (1989). “Medicinal and Poisonous Plant of Pakistan”. Publisher, Printas Karachi Pakistan First Edition. p: 163.
  3. Ali, M. (2007). “Textbook of Pharmacognosy”. CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi. Second p: 299.
  4. Soni, P., Siddiqui, A. A., Dwivedi, J., and Soni, V. (2012). “Pharmacological Properties of Datura Stramonium L. As A Potential Medicinal Tree: An Overview”. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2(12). p: 1002-1008.
  5. http://www.gyanunlimited.com/health/datura-stramonium-medicinal-uses-side-effects-and-benefits/9184/.
  6. http://medplant.nmsu.edu/datura.html.
  7. http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-herbs/datur-stramonium.html.