Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.

 Botanical Name:       Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                            Fabales

Family:                          Fabaceae

Genus:                           Cyamopsis

Local Name:                Guarphali

Sindhi Name:              Gaur

English Name:            Cluster bean

Part Used:                    Seeds and fruit

 Description

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.is a small and annual herb. Leaves are saw-toothed, pointed, and trifoliate.Flowers are small and purplish white. Pods are hairy and long1.

Occurrence

C. tetragonolobais distributed to India, Pakistan, Sudan, USA, South Africa, Brazil, Zaire, and Australia2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Wound

  1. Paste of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. (Cluster beans) is applied to the wound in Districts Umerkot and Badin (Sindh).
  2. Ashes of C.tetragonoloba are used to heal wound in District Tandoallahyar (Sindh).

 Ringworm:

Paste of C. tetragonoloba leaves is applied on the affected area of ringworm in District Mitiari (Sindh).

 Fungal infection:

C. tetragonoloba seeds paste is used to treat fungal infections in District Mitiari (Sindh).

 Scabies

Paste of C. tetragonoloba is mixed with oil and used for curing scabies in District Khairpur (Sindh).

 ChemicalConstituents

Seeds of C.tetragonolobacontaincampesterol, avenasterol, stigmasterol, sitosterol,d-7-avenasterol, stigmast-7-enol, brassicasterol, and cholesterol2.Gentisicacid, p-coumaric acid, catechol, texasin-7-O-glucoside, pcoumaroylquinic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid,genistein, luteolin, catechin, naringenin, astragalin, p-hydroxycinamyl,coniferyl alcohol, daidizein, kaempferol, and its 3-arabinosides3,4.

Chemical Structure:

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Leaves of C. tetragonoloba arerecommended in asthma. It is also used against night blindness.Pods and seed are used against inflammation, sprains, and arthritis. Plant act as tonic, aperitif, flatugenic, and galactogogue, and have cooling and digestive effects. It is usedfor recovering from constipation and anorexia5.

C. tetragonoloba has antimicrobial against gram positive bacteria, gram negative and fungal strains, antidiabetic, cytoprotective, anticoagulant, hemolytic, hypolipidemic, antiasthmatic, antioxidant, laxative, anti-inflammatory, antibilious, anticholinergic, antiulcer, and antisecretary activities5,6.

REFERENCES

  1. Sharma, P., Dubey, G., and Kaushik, S. (2011). Chemical and medico-biological profile of Cyamopsistetragonoloba(L) Taub: an overview. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 1(02), 32-37
  2. Khare, C.P. (2007). Indian medicinal plants. 321, Springer publication. New York.
  3. Mukhtar, H. M., Ansari, S. H., Bhat, Z. A., and Naved, T. (2006).Antihyperglycemic activity of Cyamopsistetragonoloba beans on blood glucose levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pharmaceutical Biology,44, 10–13.
  4. I. Kobeasy, O.M. Abdel-Fatah, S.M.A. El-Salam, Z.E.M. Mohamed. (2011), Biochemical studies onPlantago major L. and Cyamopsistetragonoloba L. Int. J. Biodvers. Conserv., 3 pp. 83–91
  5. Sharma, P., Hullatti,K. K., Kuppasth, I. J., and Sharma, S. (2010). Studies on Anti-asthmatic property of Cyamopsistetragonoloba (L.) Taub. Leaf extracts. 81-86, Department of Pharmacology, National College of Pharmacy, Shimoga – 577 201, Karnataka, India.
  6. Chanda, S., Rakholiya, K., Dholakia, K., andBaravalia, Y. (2013). Antimicrobial, antioxidant, and synergistic properties of two nutraceutical plants: Terminalia catappa and Colocasiaesculenta L. Turkish Journal of Biology, 37(1), 81-91.