Cuscuta reflexa Roxb .

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb .

Botanical Name:        Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.Cuscuta reflexa Roxb

Synonym:

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                            Solanales

Family:                          Convolvulaceae

Genus:                           Cuscuta

Local Name:                Amar bail, Akash bail

Sindhi Name:              Amar bail

English Name:            Dodder

Part Used:                     Whole plant

Description

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Has thick, glabrous, light brown to dark brown, and much branched stem. Stem is not interlaced and succulent. Leaves are fleshy, persistent, obovate, and obtuse. Flowers are ivory white in color and arranged in paniculate cymes.Pedicel is long and obsolete1.

Occurrence

C. reflexa is distributed to the Afghanistan, India, China, Java,Sri Lanka, and Pakistan1,2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Extract of CuscutareflexaRoxb. (Dodder) is used for the treatment of scabies in District Badin (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

C. reflexacontain various important constituents such as, cuscutin, astragallin, stigmasterol, dulcitol, β-sitosterol, myricetin, glucopyra-nosides, quercetin, propenamide, coumarin,quercetin-3-O-glucoside, and oleanolic acid.kaempferol-3-O-glucoside, myrecetin, amarbelin, benzopyrones, flavonols, and bergenin were isolated from this plant3,4.

Chemical Structure:

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Juice of C. reflexais used against jaundice. Whole plant is ground to form a paste and used in headache. Plant is act as blood purifier, carminative, and anthelmintic. It is also used for the treatment of cough, dry eyes, muscle pain, itchy skin, blur vision, leucorrhea, backache, liver-, kidney- and bilious disorder5.

C. reflexais reported for various pharmacological activities such as, cardiotonic, muscle relaxant, antihypertensive, antioxidant, antispasmodic, diuretic, anticonvulsant, antiviral, antisteroidogenic, antibacterial, cholinergic, hemodynamic, and hair growth activities2,3.

References

  1. Flora of Pakistan: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200018823
  2. Raza, M. A., Mukhtar, F., and Danish, M. (2015). Cuscutareflexa and CarthamusOxyacantha: potent sources of alternative and complimentary drug. SpringerPlus, 4, 76. http://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-015-0854-5
  3. Patel, S., Sharma, V., Chauhan, N. S., and Dixit, V. K. (2012). An updated review on the parasitic herb of CuscutareflexaRoxb. Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, 10, 249-255.
  4. Chatterjee, D., Sahu, R. K., Jha, A. K., &Dwivedi, J. (2011). Evaluation of antitumor activity of CuscutareflexaRoxb (Cuscutaceae) against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in Swiss albino mice. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 10(4), 447-454.
  5. http://www.ijser.org/researchpaper%5CA-parasitic-Medicinal-plant-Cuscuta-reflexa-An-Overview.pdf