Coriandrum sativum L.
Botanical Name: Coriandrum sativum L.
Species: C. sativum
Local Name: Dhania
Sindhi Name: Dania
English Name: Coriander
Part Used: Whole plant
C. sativum is tall and branched herb. Basal leaves are ternately lobed. Segments are oval to ovate while margin are toothed. Cauline leaves are pinnately dissected with linear segments. Rays are 3-6 in number and unequal. Fruit are long, and sub-globose. Inner seed have face concave1.
C. sativumis widely distributed all over the world. It is found in India, Pakistan, West Asia, Mediterranean, and America.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Coriandrumsativum L. (Coriander) oil is massaged on scalp daily for getting rid of dandruff in District Jamshoro (Sindh).
β-sitosterol, D-mannitol,rutin, umbelliferone, scopoletin, coriandrinonediol, petroselinic, quercetin-3-O-caffeyl glycoside, kaempferol-3- glucoside, and octadecenoic acid were isolated from seeds. α-pinene, β-phellandrene, 1,8-cineole, citronellol, geraniol, thymol, linalyl acetate, geranyl acetate, caryophyllene oxide, elemol, methyl heptenone, and petroselinic acid were isolated from seed oil. Whole plant contains β-sitosterol, triacontane, tricosanol, psoralen, angelicin, coriandrinol, Z-ligustilide, coriandrin, dihydrocoriandrin, coriandrone A, coriandrone B, coriandrone C to E. Nonane, C9-16 alkenals, C7-17 alkanals, C10-12 primary alkenols, alkanols, oxalic acid, vitamin C, carotene, and calcium were found in leaves. Fruit showed the presences of gnaphaloside A, gnaphaloside B, quercetin, isorhamnetin, rutin, luteolin. Essential oil has linalol, furfural, and geraniol2.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:
Leaves and seeds of C. sativumare widely used as a seasoning in food. Decoction and tincture of powdered seeds is used alone or in combination with other herbs for several disorders such as, dyspeptic complaints, loss of appetite, insomnia, and anxiety3.Seeds are used for the treatment of indigestion, nausea, and dysentery. Leavesare helpful in stimulating appetite and help in food digestion4.
Corianderis used as diuretic. Infusion of seeds is anti-diabetic4. Externally, it is used to cure ulcers and rheumatism. Fruits are used to treat halitosis while seeds are chewed for halitosis5.Ethanolic extract of this plant possessed hepatoprotective activity6. Plant is reported for variopus pharmacological activities. It includes antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, antimutagenic, antihypertensive, anti-stress, anti-amnestic, antioxidant, anxiolytic, and antimicrobial7.
Paarakh, P. M. (2009). Coriandrum sativum Linn.—Review, Pharmacologyonline, 3, 561-573.
Mandal, S., & Mandal, M. (2015). Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: Chemistry and biological activity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 5(6), 421-428.
Laribi, B., Kouki, K., M’Hamdi, M., & Bettaieb, T. (2015). Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents. Fitoterapia, 103, 9-26.
Pandey, A., Bigoniya, P., Raj, V., & Patel, K. K. (2011). Pharmacological screening of Coriandrum sativum Linn. for hepatoprotective activity. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, 3(3), 435–441. http://doi.org/10.4103/0975-7406.84462
Koppula, S., & Choi, C. K. (2012). Anti-Stress and Anti-Amnesic effects of Coriandrum sativum Linn (Umbelliferae) extract–an experimental study in rats. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 11(1), 36-42.