Corchorus capsularis L.

Corchorus capsularis L.

 Botanical Name:        Corchorus capsularis L.Corchorus capsularis L.

Synonym:                      CorchoruscordifoliusSalisb

                                          CorchorusmaruaBuch. -Ham. Inval.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Malvales

Family:                         Malvaceae

Genus:                          Corchorus

Local Name:                Noori

Urdu Name:                Noori

English Name:            White jute

Part Used:                     Leaves and fruit

Description

Corchorus capsularis L.is herbaceous annual plant, about 5-12 feet high. Stem is cylindrical in shape and leaves are glabrous. Flowers aresmall,yellow colored, convex clusters or cymes, 4-5 sepals, and 5 or more petal with stamen. Seedsare small,copper colored, and abundant. C. capsularis is generallyself-pollinated1.

Occurrence

C. capsularisgrows in warm regions worldwide, in every continent and several tropical and sub-tropical areas.It is distributed in Pakistan, Formosa, India,Bangladesh, Siam, China, Japan, Brazil, Nepal, Russia, Argentina,Paraguay, and Egypt2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Corchorus capsularis L. (Jute) is burn and mixed with oil. This oil is used for 8 days to treat alopecia in District Mitiari (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

C. capsularis contain fiber, water, fat, wax, cellulose (α andβ cellulose), lignin, andxylan. Traces of nitrogenous and minerals are also present.Stem and leaves contain tannin2,3.Alkaloid, Vitamin A, C,and E,and uronic acid are also present in C. capsularis. Several active nutrients arepresent in leaves including proteins, carbohydrates, fat, fiber, iron, potassium, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, β-carotene, riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, ascorbic acid,oxidase, folic acid, and chlorogenic acid4.

Chemical Structure:

Corchorus capsularis L.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Leaves of C. capsularisare used in the treatment of piles, tumor, dysuria, fever, gonorrhea, and getting rid of ascites. Due to presences of β-carotene, it consumption is recommended for eyesight while calcium strengthen bone and teeth. Vitamin C is also present in this plant and used for getting clear and smooth skin, quick healing of wound, and stronger immune cells. Cold infusion is recommended for storing appetite5.

C. capsularisis reported for antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antipyretic, and antiseptic effects4.

It is rich in antioxidants which make it protective against chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer and hypertension4.Leaves extract of C. capsularis is reported to have antinociceptiveand anti-inflammatory activities6.Leaves are used for increasing appetite7.

References

  1. http://jute.org/plant_2.html
  2. Kundu, B. C. (1956). Jute—world’s foremost bastfibre, II. Technology, marketing, production and utilization. Economic botany10(3), 203-240.
  3. Kundu, B. C. (1956). Jute—World’s foremost bastfibre. I. Botany, agronomy, diseases and pests. Economic Botany10(2), 103-133.
  4. Islam, M. M. (2013). Biochemistry, medicinal and food values of Jute (Corchoruscapsularis L and olitorius L.) leaf: a review. International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology and Engineering, 2(11), 35-44.
  5. Islam, M. T., de Freitas, R. M., Sultana, I., Mahmood, A., Hossain, J. A., Homa, Z., and Chowdhury, M. M. U. (2013). A comprehensive review of Corchoruscapsularis: a source of nutrition, essential phytoconstituents and biological activities. Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2(1), 01-08.
  6. Zakaria, Z. A., Wen, L. Y., Abdul Rahman, N. I., Abdul Ayub, A. H., Sulaiman, M. R., andGopalan, H. K. (2007). Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of the aqueous extract of Bauhinia purpurea leaves in experimental animals. Medical Principles and Practice16(6), 443-449.
  7. Rahmatullah, M., Ishika, T., Rahman, M., Swarna, A., Khan, T., Monalisa, M. N., andBiswas, K. R. (2011). Plants prescribed for both preventive and therapeutic purposes by the traditional healers of the Bede community residing by the Turag River, Dhaka district. American Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture5, 325-331.