Cichorium intybus L.

Cichorium intybus L.

Botanical Name:       Cichorium intybus L.     Flower and leaves of Cichorium intybus L.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Asterales

Family:                         Asteraceae

Genus:                          Cichorium

Local Name:                  Kasani

English Name:               Chicory

Sindhi Name:                 Kasni

Part Used:                     whole plant

 Description

Cichorium intybus L. is a 2 to 3 feet high stem plant. Flowers are blue, white or pink in color. Leaves are long, wider in the middle, and have parallel sides1.

Occurrence

C. intybusis native to Europe, Northern Africa and West and Central Asia2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Paste of Cichorium intybus L. (Chicory) leaves made in the morning (dew) is applied on the area affected from vitiligo in the Districts Nawabshah and Kamber Shahdad Kot (Sindh).

ChemicalConstituents

Lactucin, lactucopicrin, 8-deoxylactucin, jacquilenin, crepidiaside B, magnolialide, ixerisosideD, loliolide, cichoriosideB, sonchusideA, artesin, cichoriolide, cichorioside, sonchusideC, cichopumilide, putrescine, spermidine, chlorogenic acid, crepidiasideA, cichoralexin, caffeic acid, cis-caftaric acid, cyanidin, malvidin-3-O-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-glucuronide, and isorhamnetin-7-O-glucoside were isolated from this plant3.

Chemical Structure: 

Flower and leaves of Cichorium intybus L.st

 

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Aqueous extract of root is used against malaria. Decoction of leaves is used in high blood pressure. Root decoction is preferred in diabetes. Infusion of flower is given in diarrhea. Leaves are used as ointment for healing wounds. Tea prepared from root is used for increasing appetite and in digestive complaints3.

Cichoriumintybuspossess antiallergic, anticancer, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, nematicidal,immunomodulator, antimalarial, antifungal, and hypoglycemic effects4,5,6,7.

REFERENCES

  1. flowersof india.net/catalog/slides/cichory.html
  2. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200023652
  3. Street, R. A., Sidana, J., andPrinsloo, G. (2013). Cichoriumintybus: Traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
  4. Kim, H. M., Kim, H. W., Lyu, Y. S., Won, J. H., Kim, D. K., Lee, Y. M., Morii, E., Jippo, T., Kitamura, Y., and An, N. H. (1990). Inhibitory effect of mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions byCichoriumintybusPharmacological Research, 40(1):61-65.
  5. Cavin, C., Delannoy, M., Malnoe, A., Debefve, E., Touche, A., Courtois, D., and Schilter, B.(2005). Inhibition of the expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-2 by chicory extractBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 327(3), 742-749.
  6. Delzenne, N. M., Cani, P. D., Daubioul, C., and Neyrinck, A. M. (2005).Impact of inulin and oligofructose on gastrointestinal peptides. British Journal of Nutrition, 93(1), S157-S161.
  7. Nandagopal, S., andKumari, B. R. (2007). Phytochemical and antibacterial studies of Chicory (Cichoriumintybus)-A multipurpose medicinal plant. Advances in Biological Research, 1(1-2), 17-21.