Cicer arietinum L.

Cicer arietinum L.

Botanical Name:         Cicer arietinum L.     Seeds and leaves of

Kingdom:                       Plantae

Order:                              Fabales

Family:                             Fabaceae

Genus:                              Cicer

Local Name:                  Chana

English Name:               Chick pea

Sindhi Name:                 Chola

Part Used:                       Seeds and leaves

 Description

Cicer arietinum L. is a straight and thin plant. Stem is covered with hairs.Leaves are small and feathery1. Roots are long. Flowers are irregular, butterfly shaped, and borne singly. Petals are varies in color such as white, pink, violet and blue.Seedpod contain two to three peas2.

Occurrence

C.arietinumis widely distributed in Pakistan, America, Africa, Mediterranean, and Western Asia2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Brown spots:

  • Flour of Cicer arietinum (Chickpea) is mixed with oil of Cocos nucifera L. (Coconut) and applied to the affected area in District Khairpur (Sindh).
  • Paste of arietinum flour is used for curing brown spot and acne in Districts Thatta, Nawabshah, Kamber Shadad Kot, and Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh). It is also used for curing hand burn and abscess in Districts Khairpur and Thatta (Sindh).

Acne :

C. arietinum flour is mixed in jaggery and applied to affected area for the treatment of acne in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

Boils

Dalbergi sissoo Roxb. (North Indian Rosewood), leaves of Ziziphus numularia L. (Chinese apple), and C. arietinum flour are mixed and used for curing boils in District Naushahroferoz (Sindh).

Dandruff

Paste of Brassica compestris L. (Mustured) leaves, Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric), and C. arietinum  is made and applied on the scalp for treating dandruff in District Nawabshah  (Sindh).

Removal of Face Hair

C. arietinum and Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb (Almond) were ground and mixed with Citrus sinensis L. (Orange) jucie and this paste is applied on the face to remove face hairs. This treatment is continued for one month in the District Nawabshah (Sindh).

ChemicalConstituents

Some active compounds of C. arietinum aredaidzein, matairesinol, formononetin, secoisolariciresinol,genistein, and biochanin A3. Plant comprises of carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, and lutein),carbohydrates (Manninotriose, stachyose, verbascose, and raffinose), vitamins (A, B, and C), minerals (Phosphorous, potassium, calcium, and folate) and protein4,5,6.

Chemical Structure:

Cicer arietinum L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

C. arietinumcontracts blood tissues. Seeds are also used against stomach disorders such as diarrhea, dyspepsia, indigestion, vomiting, and dysentery7.Intake of seeds is useful in constipation, cholesterol, and nervous system disorders8. Raw seeds are act as refrigerant, diuretic, and tonic. Seeds are recommended to atherosclerosis patients as a preventive diet and also in bronchitis, liver and spleen enlargement, and skin diseases. The seeds are used in enlargement of liver and spleen, chest problems, throat infection, foul mouth, and pyrexia9.

Cicerarietinumpossesses aphrodisiac, estrogenic, antioxidant, antifungal,antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolaemic, antidiarrhoeal, anticonvulsant, hepatoprotective, anticancer, diuretic, and antinephrolithiasis activities10.

REFERENCES

  1. Bejiga,G.,and Messen,L.J.G. (2006). Cicerarietinum Record from Protabase. Brink,M.&Belay,G. (Editors) PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa). Wageningen Netherlands.
  2. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200012048
  3. Singh, K., Ahlawat, S., and Patra, A. (2013).Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Cicerarietinum Pharmacognosy Network,1(3), 195-200.
  4. Barampama,Z., and Simmard,R. E. (1995). Effect of Soaking, Cooking and Fermentation on Composition, in vitro Starch Digestibility and Nutritive value of Common Beans.Plant foods for Human Nutrition,48, 349-365.
  5. Khalil, A.H., and Mansour,E. H.(1995). The Effect of Cooking, Autoclaving, and germination on the Nutritional quantity of Fata Beans. Food chemistry, 54, 177-182.
  6. Huisman, J. and Vander, A. F. B. (1994). Aspects of the Nutritional quantity and Use of Cook Season Food Legumes in Animal Feed. 53-76.
  7. himalayawellness.com/herbfinderCicer-arietinum.html.
  8. Food sand diseases.com/chickpea-properties and-health-benefits-medicinal uses.
  9. Arora, M., Singh, S., and Kaur, P. (2013). Pharmacognosticand Phytochemical Evaluation Of Selected Seeds Of ‘Cicerarietinum’Linn. Seeds from RoopnagarPunab. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, 2(11), 18-29.
  10. http://www.iosrphr.org/papers/v6i3/D0632940.pdf