Chenopodium album L.
Synonyms: Anserina candidans (Lam.) Montandon
Species: C. album
Local Name: Bathua/sag
Sindhi Name: Saag
English Name: Bathua
Parts Used: Leaves
C. album is an annual erect herb. Leaves are ovate and lanceolate. Flowers are in cluster. Fruits are round. Seeds are black and shinnig.1
C. album is widely distributed in both the northern and southern hemispheres. It is found in Asia, North America, Europe, India, South Africa, Australia, and South America.2 In Pakistan, it is widely distributed in Punjab provinces.3
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Ground leaves of C. album are applied on wound in District Mirpur Khas (Sindh).
Extract of C. album leaves is used for washing the affected area for the treatment of wound in District Mirpur Khas (Sindh).
C. album contains phenols, lignin, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, and saponins. It is reported that different parts of C. album also contains vitamin A, vitamin C, oleanic acid, tetain, catechin, gallocatechin, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, β-sitosterol, campesterol, xanthotoxin, stigmasterol, n-triacontanol, imperatorin, ecdysteroid, crytomeridiol, n-transferuloyl-4-O-methyl dopamine, lupeol, and 3-hydroxy nonadecyl henicosanoate.4,5
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/Scientific Studies
Leaves of C. album are used for the treatment of round worm and hookworm infections.1 Leaf juice is used for the treatment of burns. Infusion of the plant is used for the treatment of rheumatism, abdominal pain, constipation, eye disease, throat troubles, and cardiovascular disorders.4 It is also used for the treatment of anemia, kidney stones, and jaundice.6 It is used as a poultice to reduce inflammation and to relieve headache.5
Plant possessed hypoglycemic, antibacterial, spasmolytic, antipruritic, antiinflammatory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, antidiarrhoeal, antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, contraceptive, odontalgic, cardiotonic, antiscorbutic, blood purifier, digestive, carminative, aphrodisiac, and anticancer properties.4,7
- Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”, 1 p: 524-525, Regency Publications, New Delhi, India.
- Malik, M., A. (2004). “Distribution of Chenopodium album in Some Irrigated and Riverian Wheat Fields of Lahore District”.Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 10(3-4). p: 133-138.
- Al-Snafi, A., E. (2015). “The Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological Effects of Chenopodium album-An Overview”.International Journal of Pharmacological Screening Methods, 5(1). p:10-17.
- Thomas, S. C. Li. (2000). “Medicinal Plants: Culture, Utilization and Phytopharmacology”, p: 13, CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington, D.C.
- Sikarwar, I., Wanjari, M., Baghel, S., S. and Vashishtha, P. (2013). “A Review on Phytopharmacological Studies on Chenopodium album Linn”. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 3(4). p: 3089-3098.