Cassia angustifolia M. Vahl
Synonyms: Senna alexandrina Mill.
Species: C. angustifolia
Local Name: Senna
Sindhi Name: Sanna
English Name: Cassia senna
Parts Used: Pods, stems, and leaves
C. angustifolia is a small perennial shrub. Leaves are elongated spear shaped with pointed apex linear, and are pale yellowish-green in color. Flowers are small and yellow in color. Pods are brown in color and contain 5-7 dark brown seeds. Fruits is greenish brown to dark brown in color.1,2
C. angustifolia is cultivated in Pakistan, India, Arabia, Egypt, Libya, Central Sahara, Sudan, Somalia, and Algeria.1 In Pakistan, it is cultivated in Karachi.3
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
C. angustifolia is soaked overnight in water. This water is drink in the morning for 40 days for the treatment of scabies in District Thatta (Sindh).
C. angustifolia contains (+)- flavanol (isorhamnetin, kaempferol), anrathquinone (rhein, emodin), sennoside A, sennoside B, menitol, sodium potassium tartarte, salicylic acid, chrysophanic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, barbaloin, volatile oils, resins, and calcium oxalate.4,5,6
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacological/Scientific Studies
Leaves of C. angustifolia are used for the treatment of constipation, gout, biliousness, rheumatism, splenic enlargements, and jaundice.2,7 Infusion of the plant is used for the treatment of anemia, bronchitis, dysentery, fevers and hemorrhoids. Paste of the plant along with vinegar is used for the treatment of skin disorders like acne, eczema, and pimple. It is reported that plant helps in losing excessive weight and possesses blood purifying properties.8 Plant possessed purgative, anthelmintic, antipyretic, cathartic, laxative, vermifuge, expectorant, and diuretic properties.5
- Pullaih, T. (2006). “Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants”, 1 p: 474, Regency Publications, New Delhi, India.
- Baquar, S. R. (1989). “Medicinal and Poisonous Plant of Pakistan”, p: 88, Printas Karachi Publisher, Pakistan, First Edition.
- Raju, B. G. S., Balakrishna, G., Kumar, D. S., Kumar, M., R., Prakash, Y., E., and Aneela, K. (2011).” A Herbal Plant Cassia angustifolia”. Journal of Atoms and Molecules, 1(1). p: 1-5.
- Khare, C.P. (2007). “Indian Medicinal Plants”. Springer Publication, New York, U.S.A., p: 127.