Butea monosperma Lam.

Butea monosperma Lam.Buteamonosperma Lam.

Botanical Name:          Butea monosperma Lam.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Family:                         Fabaceae

Genus:                          Butea

Local Name:                  Palashpapra, Palash

Sindhi Name:                 Kasophal

Part Used:                     Inflorescence and pods

English Name:               Flame of the Forest, Bastard teak


Butea monosperma Lam.is a medium-sized, slow growing, and deciduous tree that grows upto 15 m above the ground. Leaves are pinnatewith 8-16 cm petiole.Leaflets are three in number and 10–20 cm long. Flowers long, bright, orange to red, and found as racemes. Fruit is a podthat is long with 4–5 cm breadth1.


B.monosperma is native to tropical and sub-tropical parts of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, ranging across India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and western Indonesia2.

Ethno medicinal Uses in Skin Diseases


  1. Ground Butea monosperma Lam. (Butea gum), and Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) in water to form paste and applied topically for the treatment of acne in District Thatta (Sindh).
  2. B.monospermaand Anethumsowa Roxb. (Soya) is soaked in water overnight, this water is used as face wash for the treatment of acne in District Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Soy-Isoflavones, leupeupl, leupeone ,buteasperminA, cajanin, andbutespernanolwere major constituents of this plant3.

Chemical Structure:

Butea monosperma Lam st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Root ofB. monospermais used for the treatment ofelephantiasis, impotency, night blindness, and snake bites. Seed is used in skinand eye diseases, piles, inflammation, abdominal troubles, urinary stones, and tumor. Seeds powder mixed with lemon juice isused as rubefacient4.

Ethanolic extract of B. monosperma showed Antihyperglycemic, and antihyperlipaemic activities. Aqueous extract of flowers possessed strong chemopreventiveand anticancer effect. Methanolic extract of flowers is reported for anti-inflammatory activity. Methanol extract of seeds showed anthelmintic activity. Hepatoprotective, antiperoxidative, Osteogenic, Thyroid inhibitory, Anticonvulsive, and wound healing properties of this plant were reported5.


  1. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-05-18.
  2. Griffiths, M., Huxley, A., and Levy, M. (1999). The new RHS dictionary of gardening. Royal Horticultural Society (Great Britain), Macmillan, London.
  3. Lavhale, M. S. (2007). Evaluation of free radical scavenging activity ofButeamonosperma Lam.Mishra, S H. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 45(4): 376-384.
  4. Mazumder, P. M., Das, M. K., Das, S., and Das, S. (2011). Buteamonosperma (Lam.) Kuntze-A comprehensive Review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical sciences and technology, 4(2).
  5. Pal, P., and Bose, S. (2011). Phytopharmacological and phytochemical review of Buteamonosperma. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, 2(3), 1374-1388.