Brassica juncea L.
Botanical Name:Brassica juncea L.
Synoyum: B. campestris L.
Local Name: Sarason
Sindhi Name: Sirhan
English Name: Mustard
Parts Used: Seeds and leave
Brassica juncea L. is an erect, branched and smooth annual plant. It is 0.4 to 1 meter high. Leaves are oblong-obovate to oblong-lanceolate, 5 to 15 centimeters long. They are forms much larger, thin, irregularly toothed or sub entire, the lower ones sometimes lobed or pinnatifid. Flowers are yellow, 6 to 8 millimeters long. Pod is ascending, linear-lanceolate, 1.5 to 3 centimeters long, and somewhat contracted between the seeds. Beak is seedless.1
Brassica juncea L. is now widespread worldwide, it probably originated in the Mediterranean region. It is grows well in temperate regions. Major producers of mustard seeds include Canada (90%), Hungary, Great Britain, India, Pakistan and the United States.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Oil of Brassica juncea L. is used for the treatment of tinea versicolor and scabies in District Ghotki, Sukkur, Kashmor and Badin. The rhizomes of the wild herb are used for the treatment of enterocolitides, eczemas enteritides, and dyspepsia, applied remedy as in Districts Thatta and Tando Muhammad khan.
The main constituents of Brassica juncea L. contain glucosinolates sinigrin (allyl glucosinolate), isothiocyanates (allyl isothiocyanate, phenyl isothiocyanate), phenolic compounds (sinapic acid, sinapine)4, fatty acids (α-linolenic acid), kaempferol glycosides (kaempferol 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→3) – [ β -D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)] – glucopyranoside, 3 kaempferol-3-O-(2-O-feruloyl- β -D-glucopyranosyl- 1→2) – β – D- glucopyranoside)- 7 -O -β-D-glucopyranoside, Kaempferol-3-O- β -D- glucopyranosyl- (1→2) -O- β -D-glucopyranoside-7-O-βD-glucopyranoside and 1-O-sinapoyl glucopyranoside). Other flavonoid compound isorhamnetin , 7-di-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (isorhamnetin diglucoside) Proteins (napins and juncin).
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific Studies:
Brassica juncea L. is used externally as stimulant, counter irritant, for bronchitis and rheumatic pain.4 it is employed as a liniment for rheumatic pain and as a substitute for camphorated oil. .The plant exhibit of activity of fungicidal, antitumor a, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anxiolytic, antioxidant, and cognition-improving. Seeds have show effects ant diabetic, antihyperglycemic, antiatherogenic, and antifungal activities.5
- R. &, Trimen, H. (2002), Medicinal Plant, Vol. 1, p. 128, OMSONS Publication, New Delhi.
- Harrison, D., Griendling K. K., Landmesser, U., Hornig B. & Drexler, H. (2003). Role of oxidative stress in atherosclerosis. American Journal of Cardiology, 91(2), 7–11.
- Kumar, B. D., Mitra, A. & Manjunatha, M. (2009). In vitro and in vivo studies of antidiabetic Indian Medicinal plants a review. Journal of Herbal Medicine Toxicology, 3(2):9–14.
- Tripathi, A. K., Bhoyar, P. K., Baheti, R., Biyani, D. M., Khalique, M. & Kothmire, M. S. (2011). Herbal antidiabetics A review. International Journal of Research Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(1), 30–37.
- Nagarajan, S., Jain, H. C. & Aulakh, G. S. (1987), Indigenous plants used in the Ccontrol of diabetes, Vol. 1, P. 586-590, New Delhi, CSIR, India.