Brassica compestris L.
Synonym: Brassica rapa L.
Brassica pekinensis (Lour.)Rupr
Local Name: Sarson
Sindhi Name: Peeri sarson
English Name: Mustard
Part Used: Flowers, seed, and pods
Brassica campestris L. is an annual herb, erect, and branched. Leaves are simple, sessile or sub-sessile, and lower leaves lyrate. Inflorescence is racemose raceme. Flowers are yellow in color, 4 petals, and valvate or imbricate. Seeds are small and reddish black in color with smooth texture1.
B. compestris is native to Eurasia and distributed all over the World. In Pakistan, it is widely distributed in Lasbella (Balochistan), Karachi, Indus delta, and Kutch (Sindh).
Ethno medicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
- Powder of Piper nigrum L. (Black pepper) is mixed with oil of Brassica compestris L. (Mustard) to make an oily solution. It is applied for the treatment of fungal infections.
- Oil of B. compestris is massaged daily on area of fungal infection such as, tinea capitis, scalp fungus, tinea pedis, and candidiasis, in Districts Thatta, Sajawal, Khairpur, Tando Allahyar, Shaheed Benazirabad, and Dadu (Sindh).
- Oil of B. compestris is also applied topically on cuts and wounds, and for the treatment of scabies and pyoderma in District Kambar-Shahdadkot (Sindh).
- Oil of B. compestris is massaged on scalp for getting rid of dandruff and dried hairs in District Kambar-Shahdadkot (Sindh).
Oil of B. compestris and salt is mixed together, and applied topically for the treatment of itching in Distrct Khairpur (Sindh).
Infection and prickly heat
Oil of B. compestris and Citrus limonum L. (Lemon) juice are mixed together, and applied on the area of infection and prickly heat in District Kambar-Shahdadkot (Sindh).
Mixture of brown sugar, Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) flour, and B. compestris oil is applied topically for the treatment of abscess in District Khairpur (Sindh).
Leaves of B. compestris are ground to make a paste and taken orally for the treatment of measles in District Khairpur (Sindh). Beef and mutton are stickly prohibited throughout treatment.
- compestris oil and Lawsonia inermi L. (Henna) oil are mixed, and applied topically for the treatment of ringworm in District Kambar-Shahdadkot (Sindh).
Indole-3-carboxaldehyde, sinapinic acid, protocatechuic acid,campesterol, 7-oxo-stigmasterol, kaempfero dihydroxybenzoic acid, syringic acid, and daucosterol were some major constituents isolated from seeds2. Roots contain benzyl α-D-fructofuranoside, benzyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, dihydrosyringin , triandrin, phillyrin, and neoolivil-4-O–β-D-glucopyranoside5. Glucosinolates are a group of plant’s secondary metabolites in Brassica2.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
B. compestris is widely used in China for strengthening the body’s resistance against diseases including cancer. Chloroform extract from bee pollen was found to be significant for the treatment of prostate cancer4.Glucosinolates have the beneficial effects on human health including anti-carcinogenic, cholesterol-reducing, and other pharmacological effects2.
- Jing, W. G., Wang, Z. M., Zhao, Y., Fu, J, Zhao, X. L., and Liu, A.,(2014). Chemical constituents from seeds of Brassicacampestris.ZhongguoZhong Yao ZaZhi. 39(13), 2521-5.
- Chen, X. J., Zhu, Z. J., Ni, X. L., and Qian, Q. Q. (2006). Effect of nitrogen and sulfur supply on glucosinolates in Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis. Agricultural Sciences in China, 5(8), 603-608.
- Wu, Y. D.,andLou, Y. J. (2007). A steroid fraction of chloroform extract from bee pollen of Brassica campestris induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells.PhytotherapyResearch. 21(11), 1087-91.
- Qian, Wu.,Bang, M.,and Cho, J. G. (2003).Phenolic Compounds from the Roots of Brassica rapa ssp. Campestris.Chemistry of Natrual Compounds.49 (5), 852-856.