ARTEMISIA SCOPARIA WALDST. & KIT
Botanical Name: Artemisia scopariaWaldst. & Kit.
English name: Red stem wormwood
Local Name: Kikar
Sindhi name: kikar
Part used: Seedlings or young stems and leaves.
Artemisia scopariaWaldst. & Kitis basally woody (solitary or several), ranging up to 40-80cm tall, branched in the upper part with purplish-brown tinged stems from upright branched rootstock. Basal and lower stem leaves have 1.5 cm long petiole, densely patulous hairy to almost glabrous, lamina is ovate-orbicular, 2 (-3)-pinnatisect into linear or linear-lanceolate, 3-4 x 0.5-1 mm acute segments. Leaves subsessile to sessile, hairy or usually glabrous. Florets 10-12, yellow marginal florets 5-6, fertile, with 0.7 mm long, tubular, 2-dentate corolla, disc-florets 5-6, functionally staminate, tubular, 5-toothed, and glandular. 1
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit is distributed in Europe, Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Balochistan, N. W. F. P., and Punjab), India, China, and Russia.2
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. is used for the treatment of impetigo, athlete’s foot, scalp ringworm, and vitiligo in Districts Ghotki, Kashmor, Jacababad, sukkur, Mitiari and Badin.
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit has chromane, nitric oxide, triglyceride, scopariachromane, cirsiliol, preadipocytes and jaceosidin as important constituents.3
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific studies:
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit.is used for the treatment of gum, sores, boils, measle, small pox, and also applied in skin disordersand as.anthelminitic.4 Plant cooked in water is used to promote wound healing. The decoction is topically administered to cure infectious wounds. The crude extract of flower show moderate antibacterial activity.5 The bark preparation is a bitter tonic and astringent used to treat fever and skin infectious diseases. Artemisia species are frequently utilized for the treatment of diseases such as malaria, hepatitis, cancer, inflammation and infections by fungi, bacteria and viruses.6
- Pullaiah, T. (2006), Encyclopedia of world medicinal plant, Vol. 1, p. 225-226, Regency Publication, New Dehli India.
- Prajapati, N. D. (2003), A Handbook of Medicinal Plants, Vol. 51, p. 85-97, Agrobios, Jodhpur, India.
- Willcox, M. (2009). Artemisia species from traditional medicines to modern antimalarial and back again. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(2), 101–109.
- Maisonneuve, S. A. (1975), European Pharmacopoeia, Vol. 3, p. 68-71, Sainte-Ruffines, Miasonneuve SA, France.
- Jamwal, K. S., Sharma, M. L., Chandhoke, N. & Ghatak, B. J. (1972). Pharmacological action of 6, 7-dimethoxy coumarin (Scoparone) isolated from Artemisia scoparia, Waldst & Kit. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 60(5), 763-771.