Argyreia speciosa L.

Argyreia speciosaL.

          Botanical Name:            ArgyreiaspeciosaL.argyreia1

          Synonym:                      Argyreia nervosa(Burm.f.)

          Kingdom:                        Plantae

          Order:                              Solanales

  • Family:                         Convolvulaceae
  • Genus:                           Argyreia
  • Local Name:                SamandarSok
  • Sindhi Name:              Naaro
  • Part Used:                     Flowers, leaves, and roots
  • English Name:            Elephant creeperDescription:

    ArgyreiaspeciosaL. is a very large climbing shrub. Leaves are broadly ovate or ovate-cordate. Flowers are rose-purple in color, in axillary clusterted cymes. Fruits are ovoid berry1.Young shoots, branches, and undersides of leaves are white, and covered with a tomentum of soft silky hairs. Peduncles are long, soft, wooly, and deciduous. Flowers are wooly and sub-capitate. Fruits are brown-yellow, stout, globose, and apiculate.4

    Occurrence:

    A. speciosais widely cultivated in many tropical countries like India and Pakistan except of dry western regions.1

    Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

    Wound, boils, and skin swelling

    ArgyreiaspeciosaL. (Elephant creeper) leaves are ground to make a paste. This paste is applied topically on affected area 2-3 times a day for healing wound in Districts Badin, Tando Muhammad Khan, and Thatta (Sindh). This paste is also applied on boils for a week and abscess’s affected area in District Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh). This paste is massaged over swelled area of skin in district sukkur (sindh).

    Pyoderma and Scabies

    Herb of A. speciosa are ground to make a paste and applied topically for the treatment of pyoderma in District Thatta (Sindh). It is also applied topically for the treatment of scabies in District Badin (Sindh).

    Onychomycosis

    Phyla nodiflora(L.) Greene (Frog fruit) leave and A. speciosaleave are ground together to make a paste, and applied on nails for the treatment of onychomycosis in District Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh).

    Abscess

    Leaves of A. speciosa is pulverized with fuller’s earth to make a thick paste. It is applied topically for the treatment of abscess for 3-4 days in District Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh). It is also used externally for the treatment of prickly heat in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

    Boils

    Leaves of A. speciosa are soaked in water and then sieved. One cup of this extract is taken orally daily for the treatment of boils in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

    Wound

    Leaves of A. speciosa is ground and mixed with butter to make a paste, and applied topically on wounds in District QamberShahdadkot (Sindh).

    Measles

    A. speciosais crushed and its powder is taken orally one tablespoon daily for 1-3 days in District QamberShahdadkot (Sindh).

    Chemical Constituents:

    Leaves of A. speciosacontain anthocyanin, quercetin,kaempferol, and its glycosides1.Seeds contain ergoline alkaloids, ergine, ergonovine, ergometrine, and isoergine. Leaves contain sitosterol1,2.Seeds contain glycosides of palmitic, oleic, stearic, behenic, linoleic, and linolenic acid.5

          Chemical Structures:

argyeria-st

 Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Leaves are emollient and vesicant. They are used externally for various skin problems, such as, ringworm, eczema, itch, etc. Internally, it is used for curing boils and swellings. Leaves and root extract is given to cure stomach ache. Roots are used for the treatment of syphilis, hysteria, CNS disorders, migraine, and anemia.3, 4

A. speciosa exhibited hypotensive, anti-rheumatic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, wound healing1, anticonvulsant, antiviral, antipyretic, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic activities.5, 6, 7 activities. Flower extract exhibited anti-ulcer activity. Seeds are analgesic.2

References:

    • Pullaiah, T. (2006).Encyclopedia of World Medicinal Plants, V. 1, p. 202-203, Regency Publishers, New Delhi, India.
    • Khare, C. P. (2007).Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 60-61, Springer Science Publishers, New Delhi-110058, India.
    • Umberto Quattrocchi, F. L. S. (2012).CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants, 1, p. 377-378, CRC Press, New York.
    • Dhiman, A. K. (2006).Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 331-332, Daya Publishers, Delhi-110 035, India.
    • Padhi, M., Mahapatra, S., Panda, J., Mishra, N. K., & College, K. A. (2013). Traditional uses and phytopharmacological aspects of Argyreia nervosa. Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Research, 4(1), 23–32.
    • Ali, S. a., Hamed, M. a., El-Rigal, N. S., Shabana, M. H., & Kassem, M. E. S. (2011). Chemical constituents of Argyreia speciosa Convolvulaceae and its role against hyperglycemia. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 1(8), 76–84.
    • Modi, A. J., Khadabadi, S. S., Farooqui, I. a., & Deore, S. L. (2010). Argyreia speciosaf.: Phytochemistry, pharmacognosy and pharmacological studies. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 2(2), 14–21.