Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth.

Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth.

Botanical Name:             Albizialebbeck(L.) Benth.Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth.flower

Synonyms:                    Acacia lebbeck (L.) Willd.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Family:                                     Fabaceae

Genus:                         Albizia

Species:                         A. lebbeck

Urdu Name:                   Siris

Sindhi Name:                 Sirhan

Part Used:                     leaves, seeds, bark, roots

English Name:               Woman’s tongues tree, frywood

Description:

Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth.is alarge deciduous tree. Bark is dark grey in color and cracked. Leaves are bipinnate and glabrous or tomentose with a large gland. Pinnae are 1-4 pairs, long, and glands between some pairs of leaflets. Flowers are white in color and fragrant. Pod is long, broad, thin, and pale straw coloured. Seeds are 6-12 compressed, pale brown in color, and faveolate on both the faces1.

Occurrence:

A. lebbeck is widely cultivated in Tropical Asia,Bangladesh, North Australia, and Tropical Africa.

EthnomedicinalUses in Skin Diseases (Sindh):

Measles:

Albizialebbeck(L.)Benth. (Frywood) leaves are ground to make a paste and applied topically on measles in District Khairpur (Sindh).

Prickly heat:

A. lebbeckoil is applied on area affected with prickly heat in District Khairpur (Sindh).

Scabies

A. lebbeckleaves, sulfur, and oil are mixed together, and make a paste. This paste is massaged on affected area in District Khairpur (Sindh).

Scabies and wound

A. lebbeckoil is applied topically for the treatment of scabies and for healing woundsin District QamberShahdadkot (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Leaves of A. lebbeckyielded kaempferol, quercetin, and albizziahexoside.Pods containlupeol, oleanolic acid, docosanoic acid, and β-sitosterol while flower showed the presence of p-nitro benzoate, benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. Saponins A, B, and C, isomer of leucocyanidin, melacacidin, leuco-anthracyanidin, lebbecacidin, friedelin, β-sitoste-rol, betulinic acid and its glycosides were isolated from bark of this plant. Seeds have budmunchiamine2.

Chemical Structure:

Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth.flower st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Bark is used in the treatment of skin diseases such as, leucoderma, itching, piles, and for some other diseases such as, exercise perspiration, inflammation, allergic disorders, and bronchitis. Leaves are used in night blindness and also effective for strengthen the gums and the teeth. Seeds has aphrodisiac effects and used as tonic to the brain. Oil is applied topically in leucoderma3.

A. lebbeckpossessed antibacterial, anxiolytic, nootropic2, hepatoprotective, CNS, cardiotonic, lipid-lowering, antioxidant, hypoglycemicactivities3, anticonvulsant4, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities5. Extract ofbark possesed free radical scavenging activity against 1, 1-didiphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and reducing power assays3.Methanolic extract of pod possessed antifertility activity6. Seed extract has antidiarrhoeal activity7.

References:

  1. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200011877
  2. Faisal, M., Singh, P. P., and Irchhaiya, R. (2012). Review on Albizia lebbeck a potent herbal drug. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 3(5), 63-68.
  3. Sharma, G. k., and Dubey, N. (2015). Review of Shirish (Albizia lebbeck) therapeutic properties,International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine, 5(1), 1683–1688.
  4. Kokila, K., Priyadharshini, S. D., and Sujatha, V. (2013). Phytopharmacological properties of Albizia species: A review. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(Suppl. 3), 70-73.
  5. Kasture, V. S., Chopde, C. T., and Deshmukh, V. K. (2000). Anticonvulsive Activity of Albizzialebbeck, Hibiscus rosasinesis and Buteamonosperma in Experimental Animals. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 71(1), 65-75.
  6. Saha, A., and Ahmed, M. (2009). The Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of the Extract of AlbiziaLebbeck in Animal Model. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(1), 74-77.
  7. Gupta, R. S., Kachhawa, J. B. S., andChaudhary, R. (2004). Antifertility Effects of Methanolic Pod Extract of Albizzialebbeck (L.) Benth in Male Rats. Group, 375(3.60), 243-80.
  8. Besra, S. E., Gomes, A., Chaudhury, L., Vedasiromoni, J. R., andGanguly, D. K. (2002). AntidiarrhoealActivity of Seed Extract of Albizzialebbeck Phytotherapy Research, 16(6), 529-533.