Apium graveolens Mill.

Apium graveolens  Mill.

Botanical Name:       Apium graveolens Mill.

Kingdom:                      Plantae Apium graveolens Mill

Order:                           Apiales

Family:                         Umbelliferae

Genus:                          Apium

Local Name:                  Ajmod

English Name:               Celery

Sindhi Name:                 Waowal

Part Used:                     Leaves, root, and seeds 

Description

Apium graveolens Mill. isgrowing  upto 100 cm in length. Stem is fleshy and solid whiles 4 to 12 branches are present. Leaves are 5-50 mm, triangular shaped, and lobed edges. Fruit is oval and brown with black lines1.

Occurrence

A. graveolensis native to Europe, Austria, Egypt, Germany, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, France, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, and Switzerland. It is also cultivatedin Africa, Algeria, Iran, India, Australia, Europe, Canada, China, and United States1,2.

Ethnomedicinal uses in skin diseases

Wound

Apium graveolens Mill. (Celery) and Indigoferaoblongifolia Forsk. are ground to form paste, this paste is warmed and applied for the treatment of wounds in District Kashmore (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

A. graveolens contains limonene as major constituent. α-p-Dimethyl styrere, trans-8-diene-1-ol,caryophyllene, α-selinene,N-butyl phthalide, carvone, sedanenolide along with sablnene, β-elemne, trans-1,2-epoxy limonene, cis- and trans-dihydrocarvone,linalool, trepinene-4-ol, thymol, 1-cis-p-menth-2,8-diene-1-ol, N-pertyl benzene, trans-p-menth-2,8-diene-1-ol, α-terpineol, isovalaric acid, perialdehyde,vitamin A, B, and C were some important constituents isolated from seed of this plant3.

Chemical Structure 

Apium graveolens Mill.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

A. graveolens is act as aphrodisiac, stimulant, laxative, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, sedative, and toxic. Seed extract is used for enhance digestive and kidney function, and reduced blood pressure. It promotes urine and menstruation flow. Seed are also helpful in bronchitis and asthma, joint swelling and nerves pain3. In Indian systems of medicine, seeds are also used against liver disorder4.

Methanolicextracts of the A. graveolensseeds showed antihepatotoxic effect.Essential oil possessed antimicrobial activity against Helicobacter pylori. Plant is also reported for hepatoprotective, antifungal, antispasmodic,mosquitocidal, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory,vasodilatory,nematicidal,and uricosuricactivities4.

References

  1. Kooti, W., Ali-Akbari, S., Asadi-Samani, M., Ghadery, H., andAshtary-Larky, D. (2015). A review on medicinal plant of Apiumgraveolens. Advanced Herbal Medicine, 1(1), 48-59.
  2. Lansdown, R.V. (2013). Apiumgraveolens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T164203A13575099
  3. Fazal, S. S., andSingla, R. K. (2012). Review on the pharmacognostical& pharmacological characterization of Apiumgraveolens Linn. Indo Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(1), 36-42.
  4. Asif, H. M., Akram, M., Usmanghani, K., Akhtar, N., Shah, P. A., Uzair, M., Ramzan, M., Shah, S. A., and Rehman, R. (2011). Monograph of Apiumgraveolens Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(8), 1494-1496.