Anethum sowa Roxb.
Local Name: Soya
Sindhi Name: Sowa
English Name: Dill
Part Used: Seeds and leaves
AnethumsowaRoxb. is an annual herb and about 1m high.Stems are hollow and grooved with striated dark and lighter green shade. Leaves are bluish-green, pinnate, and compound that cut into filiform segments.Flowers are yellow and present in umbel form. Fruit is winged1.
A. sowais distributed to Eastern Europe, west Asia, and Mediterranean basin. In Pakistan, it grows throughout Sindh.
Ethnomedicinal uses in Skin Diseases
ButeamonospermaLam. (Butea Gum) and AnethumsowaRoxb. (Soya) is soaked in water overnight, this water is used as face wash for the treatment of acne in District Tando Mohammad Khan (Sindh).
Herbs and roots of A. sowacontain vitamin C, polyene, β-sitosterol, umbelliferone,stigmasterol, scopoletin, myristicin, and coumarin. Dried fruits contain fatty oil. Seeds contain essential oil containing flavonoids, β-sitosterolglucoside, and carvone2. Other chemical constituents isolated from plant are apiol, o-cymene, exo-2-hydroxycineol, limonene, α-thujene, and β-phellandrene3.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
A. sowais act as carminative and digestive. It is helpful in the treatment of gastrointestinal tract infections, kidney and urinary tract infections, internal spasm, cold, cough, flu, and menstrual disorder. It is used for reducing the swelling of stomach in children and gastric problems of alimentary canal4,5. It is important ingredient used in gripe water and recommended for colic pain and flatulence in babies and young children. Seeds are chewed for controlling bad breaths. It is also used by lactating mother for increasing milk flow. It is used as preservative because of ability of inhibiting bacterias. Essential oil is act as repellent6.
Phytochemical analysis of A. sowahave indicated the presence of saponins, flavonoids, and steroid, which is attributed for antioxidant, antiamylase, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiarthritic,aphrodisiac,cardioprotective, antihyperlipidaemic, antihypercholesterolaemic, andanticonvulsant activities7,8,9.
- Moshfekus, Saleh-e-In M., Sultanaa, A., and Husainb, M. (2010). Chemical Constituents of Essential Oil from Anethumsowa Herb (Leaf and Stem) Growing in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 45(2), 173-176.
- Bhimwal, R., Aggrawal, N., Nagauri, B. P., Sharma, M. C., Kumar, P., Sharma, A. K., and Kachhawa, J. B. S. (2009). Review on Anethumsowa: An Indian Medicinal Plant. International Journal of Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 435-441.
- Kumar, V. R. (2011).In-Vitro Anti-Oxidant, Anti-Amylase, Anti-Arthritic, and Cytotoxic Activity of Important Commonly Used Green Leafy Vegetables. International Journal of Pharmatechnology Research, 3(4).
- Jana, S., andShekhawat, G. S. (2010). Anethumgraveolens: An Indian traditional medicinal herb and spice. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 4(8), 179–184. http://doi.org/10.4103/0973-7847.70915
- Nahida, S. H., and Siddiqui, A. N. (2012). Quality Standards and Safety Profile of a Unani Formulation, Habb-e-Suranjan. International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 3(3).
- Jana, S., and G. S. (2010). Shekhawat. Anethumgraveolens: An Indian traditional medicinal herb and spice. Pharmacognosy reviews, 4(8), 179.