Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Shult

Aerva javanica (Burm.f.)Shult

Botanical Name:             Aerva javanica (Brum.f.) ShultAerva javanica (Brum.f.) Shult

Synonym:                        Achyranthesjavanicapers

                                             Aervapersica (Burm.f)

                                             Celosia lanata L



Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Caryophyllales

Family:                         Amaranthaceae

Genus:                          Aerva

Local Name:                  Kharbuta
English Name:               Pillow weed

Sindhi Name:                 Bhooh

Part Used:                     Root or whole plant


Aervajavanica(Brum.f.)Shult is a perennial herb. Branches and stem are terete, striate, and white- or yellow- tomentose or pannose. Leaves are present in alternate manner, very variable in size and form, and usually thinly. Flowers are dioecious. Spikes are cylindrical, sessile, and dense. Seeds are round, somewhatcompressed,and brown or black colored1.


A. javanicais distributed throughtoutEthiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Sierra,Ghana, Natal, Leone, Togo, Liberia, Benin, Madagascar, Uganda, and Somalia2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases


Aervajavanica(Burm. f.)Shult (Pillow weed) is boiled in large volume of water and this water is used for taking bath for the treatment of scabies in District Umerkot (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Alkaloids,steroids,triterpenes,lipids,flavonoids,tannins,saponins,sulphates,carbohydrates, and glycosides are the main constituents of various part of A. javanica3,4.Chrysoeriol,isorhamnetein 3-O-rutinoside,kaempferol-3-robinoside, campesterol, β-sitosterol,triterpenoid, α-and β-amyrin,fatty acid,and a series of hydrocarbons ranging from C13-C30 were isolated from this plant5.

Chemical Structure: 

Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Shult st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Roots and flowers of A. javanica are used against rheumatism, toothache, and kidney disorders. Roots extract is used for the treatment of eye diseases6 and heachache7. Flowers are used for healing wounds and for stopping excessive bleeding6.Juice of A. javanicaplant is used internally for treating measles. Roots mixed with mustard oil are used for skin diseases ailment7.

A. javanicais reported for antidiarroheal, antioxidant, analgesic, antihyperglycemic, and antihelmentic activities. Chloroform extract of roots showed anti-HIV activity. Aqueous extract of stem showed antiulcer activity. Ethanol extract of aerial parts possessed antiasthmatic activity. Methanol extract showed antidiabetic activity7.


  3. Emam, S. S. (1999). Phytochemical studies on the herb Aerva javanica growing in Egypt Cario University Faculty of Agriculture Bulletin,50, 488-514.
  4. Khan, U. G., Nazir, T., and Ahmed, V. U. (1982). Chemical Constituents of Aerva javanica.Fitoterapia, 53, 75-77.
  5. Atta-ur-Rahman,M.Iqbal.C. (1999). Recent studies on bioactive natural products,Pure Appl.Chem, 171(6), 107-108.
  6. Soliman, M. A. (2006). Cytogenetical studies on Aervajavanica (Amaranthaceae). Florida Entomologist, 16, 333-339.
  7. Nagaratna, A., Hegde, P. L., andHarini, A. (2015). A Pharmacological review on Gorakha ganja (Aervalanata (Linn) Juss. Ex. Schult). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 3(5)