Acacia jacquemontii Benth.

Acacia jacquemontti Benth.

Botanical Name:             Acacia jacquemontti Benth.      Acacia jacquemontti Benth.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Family:                         Fabaceae

Genus:                          Acacia

Local Name:                  Baori,Babul

Sindhi Name:                 Boori

English Name:               Brigalow

Part Used:                     Leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, pods

Description

Acacia jacquemonttiBenth.is an erect shrub. Branches are present in zigzag formation.Bark is greyish brown in color and young shoots is slightly puberulous. Spines are stipular, straight, white, and connate at the base. Pinnae occur in pairs of 1-4. Leaflets are grown in 5-10 pairs,oblong, typically sessile, broad, and glabrous. Inflorescence is pedunculate andflowersare yellow in color1.

Occurrence

A. jacquemonttiis native to Asia.In Pakistan, it grows in Punjab, Sindh, and Baluchistan1.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Ringworm:

Acacia jacquemontiiBenth.(Brigalow), Allium sativumL. (Garlic), and LallemantiaroyleanaBenth. (Black psyllium) are ground to make a paste, and applied topically 2-3 times a week for the treatment of ringworm in District Badin (Sindh).

Chemical Constituents

Extracts of A. jacquemontti stem bark possess alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, terpenoids, and tannins2.Leaves containcetyl ester-triacontanoate along with n-triacontanol, n-octucosanol, luteolin, apigenin, β-sitosterol, and stigmasterol3. Gum contains a complex combination of arabinogalactan oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, and glycoproteins4. Leaves contain proteins, tanins, and phenols5.

Chemical Structure:

Acacia jacquemontti Benth. st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Root bark is widely used in the preparation of local spirit. Dried gum hasdemulcent and astringent properties and is used in medicine6. Powdered bark is used against snake bite and scorpion sting, and for inducing spontaneous abortion2. Gum is used for the treatment of kidney and renal disorders. Boiled gum is used for curing asthma,mouth sores, and toothache4,7.

Plant extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against microorganisms including B. cereus and B.  pumilus pathogenic strains of Bacillus cereusBacillus pumilusEscherichia coli, Pseudomonas
aeruginosa
Staphylococcus aureusStaphylococcuspyrogenes, and Candida albcan6.

References

  1. Flora of Pakistan:http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspxflora_id=5&taxon_id=200011856.
  2. Choudhary, K., Singh, M., Pillai, U., and Shekhawat, N.S. (2010). Antibacterial Screening and Phytochemical investigation of bark extracts of Acacia jacquemontii Stamford Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(2): 21-26.
  3. Singh, P., Khandelwal, P., Sharma, K. K., and Sharma, M. C. (2010). Cetyltriacontanoate and other constituents from Acacia jacquemontii and KigeliapinnataJournal of the Indian Chemical Society87(11), 1403-1407.
  4. Choudhary, K., Singh, M., andShekhawat, N. S. (2009). Ethnobotany of Acacia jacquemontii-An Uncharted Tree of Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. Ethnobotanical Leaflets, 6(1).
  5. Jakhmola, R. C., Raghuvansi, S. K. S., andPahuja, T. (2012). Gas production and fermentation of Lasiurussindicus based composite diet with Acacia jacquemontiiIndian Journal of Small Ruminants (The)18(1), 69-74.
  6. Al-Mosawi, A. J. (2006). Acacia gum (Gum arabic). Therapy, 311-312.
  7. Saini, M. L., Saini, R., Roy, S., and Kumar, A. (2008). Comparative pharmacognostical and antimicrobial studies of Acaciaspecies (Mimosaceae). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research2(12), 378-386.