Acacia concinna L.

Acacia concinna L.

Botanical Name:             Acacia concinna L.

Synonym:                      Acacia hooperianaMiq. Mimosa concinna Willd.         Acacia concinna L.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                           Fabales

Family:                         Mimosaceae

Genus:                          Acacia

Local Name:                  Shikakai

Sindhi Name:                 Shikakai

English Name:               Soap-pod

Part Used:                     Pods and leaves

Description

Acacia concinnaL. is a climbing shrub.  Thorns are short,flattened,and broad at the base. Leaves arecaduceus.Inflorescence is present in cluster of 2 or 3 stalked. Head of mature flower are about 1 cm in diameter.  Flowers are pink in color with or without compact subtending bracts. Pods are stalked,thick, and flattened1.

Occurrence

A. concinna is native to Asia. It is distributed in southeast asia3 andtropical rainforests of southern Asia2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Tinea ungium

Powder of Acacia concinna (Wild.) DC. (Soap-pod) is mixed in Syzgium cumini L. (Black pulm) oil, and applied on nail for the treatment of tinea ungium in District Ghotki (Sindh).

ChemicalConstituents

A. concinna containphenol, tannin, fat and fixed oil, flavanoids, saponin, quinine, lupeol, ascorbic acid, calyctomine nicotine, spinasterol, acacic acid, arabinose, rhamnose, hexacosanol, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and spinasterone4.Saponins were isolated from fruits5, 6.

Chemical Structure: 

Acacia concinna L.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

A. concinna is used on scalpfor getting rid of dandruff and for recovering from jaundice. It acts as laxative and immunomodulant7. Leave infusion is recommended in malarial fever. Decoction of the pods is used for relieving nausea and acts as a purgative9.

Antimicrobial activity of the bark extract has also been reported11. It promotes Th I and Th2 helper T cells activities. Immunological adjuvant activities of saponin extracts from the pods has been reported8. Ethanol, ethyl acetate, and hexane extracts of pods were reported for significant antidermatophytic activity10.

References

  1. http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Shikakai.html
  2. Chavan, H. V., & Bandgar, B. P. (2013). Aqueous Extract of Acacia concinna Pods: An Efficient Surfactant Type Catalyst for Synthesis of 3-Carboxycoumarins and Cinnamic Acids via Knoevenagel Condensation. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering1(8), 929-936.Gupta, G. L.; Nigam, S. S. Planta Med. 1971, 19, 55-62.
  3. Banskota, A. H., Tezuka, Y., Tran, K. Q., Tanaka, K., Saiki, I., & Kadota, S. (2000). Methyl quadrangularates AD and related triterpenes from Combretum quadrangulare. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 48(4), 496-504.
  4. Akram, M., Hamid, A., Khalil, A., Ghaffar, A., Tayyaba, N., Saeed, A., … & Naveed, A. (2014). Review on medicinal uses, pharmacological, phytochemistry and immunomodulatory activity of plants. International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology27(3), 313-319.
  5. Anjaneyulu, A. S. R., Bapuji, M., Row, L. R., & Sree, A. (1979). Structure of acacigenin-B, a novel triterpene ester isolated from Acacia concinna.Phytochemistry18(3), 463-466.
  6. Gafur, M. A., Obata, T., Kiuchi, F., & Tsuda, Y. (1997). Acacia concinna saponins. I. Structures of prosapogenols, concinnosides AF, isolated from the alkaline hydrolysate of the highly polar saponin fraction. Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 45(4), 620-625.
  7. Varshney, I. P., & Shamsuddin, K. M. (1970). Absolute structure of acacic acid. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan43(12), 3830-3840.
  8. Kukhetpitakwong, R., Hahnvajanawong, C., Homchampa, P., Leelavatcharamas, V., Satra, J., and Khunkitti, W. (2006). Immunological adjuvant activities of saponin extracts from the pods of Acacia concinna.International immunopharmacology6(11), 1729-1735.
  9. Raja, A. X. V., & Sama, K. (2012). Phytochemical and biochemical analysis of the plant extract of Acacia concinna (Wild). International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 12, 136-136.
  10. Natarajan, V., and Natarajan, S. (2009). Antidermatophytic activity of Acacia concinna. Global Journal of Pharmacology, 6-7.