Acacia catech L

Acacia catechu   

Classification:      11

Synonyms:             Acacia catechu (L.) Willd., Oliv.

Botanical Name:     Acacia catechu

Kingdom:               Fabales

Order:                    Leguminosaea

Family:                   Fabaceae  \  Mimosoideae                                                   

Genus:                  Acacia

Local Name:           Cutch Tree

Sindhi Name:          Katha

English Name:       black catechu (betel catechu)

Part used;    Leaves,shoots

 Description:

Acacia catechu also commonly called Mimosa catechu. It is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. Bark dark grey orgreyish-brown, peeling off in long strips, or sometimes in narrow rectangular plates, brown or red inside. Branches sleender, puberlous when young but glabrascent, with 2 curved, 8-mm prickles at the base of each peti, 1

Occurrence:

Acacia catechu is found in Asia, China, India areas and going the Indian Ocean 2.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Acacia catechu bark is used topically on wounds as it is very potent wound healing medicinal plant.       Acacia catechu Willd is one of most important ingredient used in Paan. People of different ages use it for healing sore throat, wound healing, as astringent and soothing effects in Districts Nawabshah, Sukkur, Tando Muhammad khan, Badin, Jamshoro, Mirpurkhas and Tharparka

Chemical Structure:

Acacia-catechu-L.-willd.-oliv.st_

Chemical Constituents:

The major chemical constituents of  Acacia catechu are   catechin, epicatechin,  gallate, procatechinic acid, tannins, alkaloids, quercetin, kaempferol, and  glucosides. Bark and the shiny, black-brown extract of leaves and shoots contain tannins, catechin, catechutannic acid, catechuic acid, catechu red, mucilage, flavonoids, quercetin, quercitrin, resins and gum. Wood contains many flavonoids and α-, B- and γ–catechin. The polysaccharide on hydrolysis yields galactose, arabinose, rhamnose and glucuronic acid,  hexasaccharide and trisaccharide3-4.

 Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/ Scientific Studies:

 Acacia catechu is used for the treatment of arthritis, itching, and wounds. Seed are used against hemorrhoids. Whole plant is used against the skin dryness and self cracking of skin. an antibacterial mouthwash made from Acacia catechu extract is used for the treatment of gingivitis and mouth sore.5-6 Acacia catechu activity has antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antimicrobial, antifungal, antibacterial, antimycotic, antipyretic, antiinflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial activities.7-8

 References:

  1. Bmhiwal, R., Aggrawal, N., Nagauri, B. P., Sharma, M. C., Kumar, P., Sharma, A. K, & Kachhawa J. B. S. (2009). International Journal of Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 435-441.
  1. Burnett, B., Jia, Q., Zhao, Y., & Levy, R. (2007). A medicinal extract of Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu acts as a dual inhibitor of cyclooxygenase and 5 – lipoxygenase to reduce inflammation. Journal of medicinal food, 10(3), 442 –451.
  2. Hazra, B., Sarkar R., Biswas, S., & Mandal, N. (2011).Antioxidant and iron chelating potential of Pongammia pinnata and its role in preventing free radical induced oxidative damage in plasmid DNA. International Journal of Phytomedicine, 3(2), 240 -253.
  3. Lakshmi, T., Geetha, R. V., & Roy, A. Inr vito evaluation of antibacterial activity of heartwood extract of acacia catechu willd. International Journal of Pharma & Bio Sciences, 2(2), 188.